Today is Friday, July 12, the 193rd day of 2019. There are 172 days left in the year.


On this date in:

1543: England’s King Henry VIII marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.

1817: Author, poet and naturalist Henry David Thoreau is born in Concord, Mass.

1862: During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill authorizing the Army Medal of Honor.

1909: The House of Representatives joins the Senate in passing the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, allowing for a federal income tax, and submitted it to the states. (It was declared ratified in February 1913.)

1960: The Etch A Sketch Magic Screen drawing toy is first produced by the Ohio Art Co.

1967: Rioting erupts in Newark, N.J., over the police beating of a black taxi driver; 26 people are killed in five days of violence.

1984: Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale announces his choice of U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running-mate; Ferraro is the first woman to run for vice president on a major-party ticket.

2003: The USS Ronald Reagan, the first carrier named for a living president, is commissioned in Norfolk, Va.

2018: After an emergency gathering of NATO leaders to address his criticisms, President Donald Trump says the U.S. commitment to the alliance “remains very strong,” despite reports that he had threatened to pull out in a dispute over defense spending.


1994: The Western Reserve Transit Authority ranked 100th in efficiency among 102 transit systems studied by the Transportation Studies Center at the University of North Carolina. James Ferraro, WRTA executive director, says the study results are flawed.

The Ohio Board of Education adopts a measure requiring school districts to run criminal background checks on all job applicants and prohibits the hiring of people convicted of certain criminal offenses.

A charge of negligent assault is filed against Gary Swaney, 35, of Howland who fired the stray bullet that wounded professional golfer Kim Williams, who was about a mile away from his home, at the Great East Plaza.

1979: A sculpture by George Segal depicting two steelworkers laboring at an open hearth will be erected in Federal Plaza West to commemorate the role of steel in the Mahoning Valley.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency charges an Ashtabula County waste oil company with burning oil contaminated with PCBs and with spreading possibly carcinogenic oil on public roads.

The Cafaro Co. announces a $10 million expansion at the Eastwood Mall and Great East Plaza that will include a two-story J.C. Penney store, the company’s third full-service department store in the area.

1969: Associated Neighborhood Centers will provide more than $2,100 to pay salaries and fringe benefits for nine playground supervisors to keep nine inner-city playgrounds open in the evening.

Martin Maier is ordained by the Rev. Paul W. Sherer, pastor of Martin Luther Lutheran Church, and installed as assistant pastor of the church.

Paul Strait, retired executive director of the Youngstown Metropolitan Housing Authority and a public servant for more than 40 years, dies at his Norwick Drive home.

1944: Frank Pascarella, director of Pascarella’s Royal Concert Band, a fixture in local parades for 40 years, dies at 70 at the Cleveland Clinic after surgery.

Nathan Belkin, 50, wholesale produce merchant, is kidnapped by three armed bandits as he entered his truck in front of his Fairgreen Avenue home and was robbed of $300 and a watch.

Nearly 150 employees of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. seamless tube mill in Campbell return to work despite a vote taken at a union meeting to continue their strike.

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