Today is Sunday, May 27, the 147th day of 2018. There are 218 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1199: King John of England is crowned in Westminster Abbey nearly two months after the death of his brother, Richard I (”The Lion-Hearted”).
1818: American reformer Amelia Jenks Bloomer, who popularized the garment that bears her name – “bloomers” – is born in Homer, N.Y.
1933: The Chicago World’s Fair, celebrating “A Century of Progress,” officially opens.
Walt Disney’s Academy Award-winning animated short “The Three Little Pigs” is first released.
1935: The U.S. Supreme Court, in Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States, unanimously strikes down the National Industrial Recovery Act, a key component of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal legislative program.
1937: The newly completed Golden Gate Bridge connecting San Francisco and Marin County, Calif., opens to pedestrian traffic (vehicles began crossing the next day).
1941: The British Royal Navy sinks the German battleship Bismarck off France with a loss of some 2,000 lives, three days after the Bismarck sank the HMS Hood with the loss of more than 1,400 lives.
Amid rising world tensions, President Franklin D. Roosevelt proclaims an “unlimited national emergency” during a radio address from the White House.
1942: Doris “Dorie” Miller, a cook aboard the USS West Virginia, becomes the first African-American to receive the Navy Cross for “extraordinary courage and disregard for his own personal safety” during Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor.
1957: The single “That’ll Be the Day” by Buddy Holly’s Crickets is released by Brunswick Records.
1962: A dump fire in Centralia, Pa., ignites a blaze in underground coal deposits that continues to burn to this day.
1968: The U.S. Supreme Court, in United States v. O’Brien, upholds the conviction of David O’Brien for destroying his draft card outside a Boston courthouse, ruling that the act is not protected by freedom of speech.
1977: The punk-rock single “God Save the Queen,” the Sex Pistols’ sardonic salute to Queen Elizabeth II, is released by Virgin Records.
1985: In Beijing, representatives of Britain and China exchange instruments of ratification for an accord returning Hong Kong to Chinese control in 1997.
1998: Michael Fortier, the government’s star witness in the Oklahoma City bombing case, is sentenced to 12 years in prison after apologizing for not warning anyone about the deadly plot. (Fortier was freed in January 2006.)
2008: The European Union lifts an arms embargo on the Syrian opposition while maintaining all other sanctions against President Bashar Assad’s regime.
2013: Myanmar’s military government renews pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi’s detention for one year as the nation struggles to recover from a cyclone.
2017: Music legend Gregg Allman, whose bluesy vocals and soulful touch on the Hammond B-3 organ helped propel The Allman Brothers Band to superstardom and spawn Southern rock, dies at his home near Savannah, Ga.; he was 69.
1993: Thomas Rudge, former Fowler Township fire chief, charged in the 1992 murders of his wife, Shirley, and Robert Sawtelle , is released after posting a $500,000 bond, the highest bond the Trumbull County prosecutor’s office remembers any defendant making.
The city of Youngstown offers $250,000 to Consumers United Insurance Co. to buy Idora Park, with plans to turn it into a recreation area with a swimming pool and ball fields.
A Bulgarian television crew will film operations at the Sharon Police Department as part of a report on how law enforcement functions in the United States. The crew from Sofia, Bulgaria, will also do a piece on The Club, Sharon-based Winner International’s anti-auto-theft device.
1978: John May is credited with saving the life of Shalon Allen, 13 months old, from a second floor bedroom at 1221 Otis St. The fire was reportedly started by Shalon’s brothers, 4 and 2, playing with matches.
The failure of a 23,000-volt underground line forces St. Elizabeth Hospital to rely on auxiliary electricity for seven hours.
The Rev. Sandor Farkas, pastor emeritus of the Reformed Church of Mezokmarom, Hungary, will speak at the Hungarian United Presbyterian Church, which is pastored by his son, the Rev. Sandor J. Farkas .
1968: The Negro American Labor Council closes its seventh annual convention in Youngstown calling for a guaranteed annual income and a $2.50 minimum wage, and discussing the possible need for competitive black craft and industrial unions.
Nearly 2,000 employees of the Chevrolet-Fisher Body plant at the General Motors Complex in Lords-town return to work after a wildcat strike, but absenteeism of 20 per- cent forces a shutdown.
Greenford High School’s 42 seniors are the 50th graduating class from the school. Paul Smith is the commencement speaker and Roy Calvin is valedictorian with a 3.89 average.
1943: Youngstown faces a general transportation breakdown unless share-the-ride plans are used to the fullest extent. A shortage of cars and tires is feared throughout the region.
Perjury indictments against two “Big House” lottery men are returned in the first report of a special grand jury investigating crime and rackets in Mahoning County.
A breakfast at Tippecanoe Country Club in Canfield opens the season for the Women’s Golf Association. Mrs. C.J Lindquist is chairman.