Today is Friday, May 18, the 138th day of 2018. There are 227 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1642: The Canadian city of Montreal is founded by French colonists.
1652: Rhode Island becomes the first American colony to pass a law abolishing African slavery.
1896: The U.S. Supreme Court, in Plessy v. Ferguson, endorses “separate but equal” racial segregation, a concept that would be renounced 58 years later by Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka.
1933: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a measure creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
1953: Jacqueline Cochran, 47, becomes the first woman to break the sound barrier as she pilots a Canadair F-86 Sabre jet over Rogers Dry Lake, Calif.
1973: Harvard law professor Archibald Cox is appointed Watergate special prosecutor by U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson.
1980: The Mount St. Helens volcano in Washington state explodes, leaving 57 people dead or missing.
2013: A car driven by an 87-year-old man plows into dozens of hikers during a parade in Damascus, Va., injuring about 50 people. (The driver was not charged.)
2017: President Donald Trump denounces the appointment of a special counsel to investigate his campaign’s potential ties with Russia.
1993: Dean and Mary Ann Bowman and some allies who oppose construction of a federal penitentiary in Columbiana County fail to keep a group of archeologists working for the Federal Bureau of Prisons from conducting an inspection of a part of the Bowman farm that is in the prison target area.
School superintendents in Mahoning and Trumbull counties question the state’s outcome-based education system, as well as proficiency testing and what they termed an inadequate and inequitable funding formula.
A young bear spotted on Youngstown’s North and East sides has reappeared in Campbell. A game warden still hopes the bear is headed back to its native Pennsylvania.
1978: Downtown developer Richard E. Mills and International Business Machines Corp. announce a lease agreement for a building that will be built a Federal and Commerce streets. IBM will occupy 80 percent of the building with about 100 employees.
Warren City Council approves hiring six firefighters this summer, which will bring the fire department to 90 members, still five short of what is defined as “full strength.”
Mah Moud Eltibi, a Palestinian refugee from the Gaza Strip, tells members and guests of the Niles Kiwanis Club that the only solution to the conflict in the Middle East is to create a homeland for the Palestinian people.
1968: Sharon Steel Corp.’s new president, George Perrault Jr., is a former executive of the E.W. Bliss Co. of Salem and Canton.
Ohioans pay nearly 60 percent above the national average tuition and fees to attend state-supported institutions of higher education, a survey by a Cleveland firm shows. Average out-of-state costs are annually $310; Ohio’s is $495.
A second recreational area at Lake Milton, costing more than $50,000 with a bathing beach and picnic area, will be ready in two years.
1943: Mayor William Spagnola recommends to Youngstown City Council that police department strength be increased from 123 to 144.
Hugh S. Jenkins, former Youngstowner and now chairman of the state board of tax appeals, will be administrator of the Ohio Bureau of Unemployment Compensation.
Three “bug” men charged by the Office of Price Administration with using rationed gasoline in an illegal lottery business, plead guilty at a special hearing. Frank L. Joy has his rationing rights revoked for 19 months, John Legree for six months and Ben Hilson for a period to be determined.