Today is Saturday, May 5, the 125th day of 2018. There are 240 days left in the year.
On this date on:
1892: Congress passes the Geary Act, which required Chinese in the United States to carry a certificate of residence at all times or face deportation.
1927: “To the Lighthouse,” Virginia Woolf’s fifth novel, is published in London.
1945: In the only fatal attack of its kind during World War II, a Japanese balloon bomb explodes on Gearhart Mountain in Oregon, killing the pregnant wife of a minister and five children.
1955: West Germany becomes a fully sovereign state. The baseball musical “Damn Yankees,” starring Stephen Douglass as Joe Hardy, Gwen Verdon as Lola and Ray Walston as Applegate, opens on Broadway.
1961: Astronaut Alan B. Shepard Jr. becomes America’s first space traveler as he makes a 15-minute suborbital flight aboard Mercury capsule Freedom 7.
1978: Ben & Jerry’s ice cream has its beginnings as Ben Cohen and Jerry Greenfield open an ice- cream parlor at a converted gas station in Burlington, Vt.
1981: Irish Republican Army hunger-striker Bobby Sands dies at the Maze Prison in Northern Ireland on his 66th day without food.
1993: Youngstown Fourth Ward Councilman Ronald Sefcik edges out Anna Marie Nameth in the Democratic primary by one vote, the closest council election in city history.
Youngstown Municipal Court Judge Patrick V. Kerrigan easily defeats Atty. Nicholas E. Modarelli in the Democratic primary, garnering 76 percent of the vote.
Atty. Michael Bernard defeats four challengers in the Girard Municipal Court race to succeed Bernard’s father, Judge Anthony Bernard.
1978: Mahoning County Clerk of Courts Anthony Vivo administers the oath to 41 new citizens during ceremonies at the Mahoning County Courthouse. The largest number, 14, were from Italy.
The eighth anniversary observance of the Kent State shootings ends with two arrests and tear-gas fumes wafting over a portion of the campus after some of the protesters attempted to push in a fence surrounding a gymnasium being built near the site.
Youngstown Patrolman Paul Durkin is injured when a hit-skip driver side-swipes Durkin’s cruiser in the 900-block of Canfield Road.
1968: Four Boy Scouts from Troop 6 will receive Eagle Scout awards at Christ U.P. Church: Paul Lucas, Philip J. Kreuzwieser, Tim Sullivan and James Buchanan.
Three Youngstown junior-high students are named national winners in the annual Scholastic Art Awards given by Scholastic Magazine. From Princeton, James Hotzog and Carl West, from Volney Rogers, Chuck Summers.
Southern Hills golf course, in a state of disrepair in recent years, will get some major improvements under the supervision of its new owner, Howard Coulter.
1943: Downtown Youngstown turns into a near battlefield as police cars corner a speeding car after four teenage boys kidnapped Dr. Clarence Stefanski, crash three autos and injure two pedestrians.
A total of $52,460 is paid on the debt of the Boardman Methodist Church, and the remaining $7,500 will be paid by Jan. 1, 1944.
Mr. and Mrs. Adam J. Pacholec of Youngstown receive a letter from their son, John J. Pacholec saying he is in a German prisoner camp after being captured in North Africa. He assured them that he is fine, but asked, “if it’s financially possible, go to the local Red Cross and find out what you can send me.”