Today is Friday, May 4, the 124th day of 2018. There are 241 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1626: Dutch explorer Peter Minuit lands on present-day Manhattan Island.
1776: Rhode Island declares its freedom from England, two months before the Declaration of Independence is adopted.
1830: The Edward Bulwer-Lytton novel “Paul Clifford,” with its famous opening, “It was a dark and stormy night ...,” is first published in London.
1886: At Haymarket Square in Chicago, a labor demonstration for an 8-hour workday turns into a deadly riot when a bomb explodes.
1942: The Battle of the Coral Sea, the first naval clash fought entirely with carrier aircraft, begins in the Pacific during World War II. (The outcome was considered a tactical victory for Japan but a strategic one for the Allies.)
1961: The first group of “Freedom Riders” leaves Washington, D.C., to challenge racial segregation on interstate buses and in bus terminals.
1970: Ohio National Guardsmen open fire at an anti-war demonstration at Kent State University, killing four students and wounding nine others.
1998: Unabomber Theodore Kaczynski is given four life sentences plus 30 years by a federal judge in Sacramento, Calif.
2013: National Rifle Association leaders tell members during a meeting in Houston that the fight against gun control legislation is far from over, and vowed that none in the organization would ever have to surrender their weapons.
1993: Three former Brookfield Township police officers are placed under house arrest, given probation and ordered to do community service for their involvement in bugging the township police department in 1988.
Real-estate agents, mortgage lenders and land- lords speak out against a proposed Youngstown law requiring home sellers to disclose to buyers any potential lead hazards in the house.
First National Bank of Pennsylvania, which foreclosed on the Oak Tree Country Club, will sell the property to the 270 members of the club for $3 million.
1978: Negotiations are underway to build a seven-story, $4 million Holiday Inn in downtown New Castle, Pa.
A Cortland man, Don Kereluik, who placed 11th among 200 people who took Warren’s firefighter civil-service exam, charges the city with reverse discrimination when six people, including two blacks who placed lower than him, were certified for hiring.
East Liverpool city firefighters criticize Mayor H.A. Tullis for selling an 1896 horse-drawn fire pumper for $995. The pumper had broken wheels and damaged parts. Restored versions sell for between $20,000 and $30,000.
1968: Andrea Wayda, 14, of Campbell, an eighth-grader at St. John Baptist School in Campbell, wins The Vindicator’s 35th annual spelling bee, winning on the words “esophagus” and “quinquennial.”
Hotel Ohio will be ready within 30 days after it signs a lease with the Youngstown Metropolitan Housing Authority to accept up to 60 tenants being displaced by Youngstown urban renewal.
Bill Whitehouse will lead birdwatchers on a walk through Cascade Ravine, and Carl Chuey will lead hikers along the Wildflower Trail on the weekend.
1943: Mothers of infants are advised to wear surgical masks in their nurseries and maintain sterile conditions to reduce the need for doctor visits during the wartime shortage of physicians.
Mary Woodward and Paul Hood have the lead roles in “It’s Henry,” the senior-class play at Austintown Fitch High School.
Kenneth L. Boyer of Poland, an electrical engineering graduate of Ohio State University, is promoted to captain in the Army Signal Corps while serving in North Africa.