Today is Friday, July 27, the 208th day of 2018. There are 157 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1789: President George Washington signs a measure establishing the Department of Foreign Affairs, forerunner of the Department of State.
1866: Cyrus W. Field finished laying out the first successful underwater telegraph cable between North America and Europe.
1909: During the first official test of the U.S. Army’s first airplane, Orville Wright flies himself and a passenger above Fort Myer, Va., for one hour and 12 minutes.
1921: Canadian researcher Frederick Banting and his assistant, Charles Best, succeeded in isolating the hormone insulin at the University of Toronto.
1953: The Korean War armistice is signed at Panmunjom, ending three years of fighting.
1967: President Lyndon B. Johnson appoints the Kerner Commission to assess the causes of urban rioting.
1974: The House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 to adopt the first of three articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon, charging he had personally engaged in a course of conduct designed to obstruct justice in the Watergate case.
1981: Six-year-old Adam Walsh is abducted from a department store in Hollywood, Fla., and would later be murdered.
1996: Terror strikes the Atlanta Olympics as a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial Olympic Park, directly killing one person and injuring 111.
2003: Comedian Bob Hope dies in Toluca Lake, Calif., at age 100.
1993: Girard City Council approves an increase in the mayor’s salary from $29,100 to $32,100 effective with the new year.
Youngstown State University President Leslie Cochran testifies in support of legislation introduced by U.S. Rep. James A. Traficant Jr. to expand a national science scholarship program and to build a $5 million administration building for the program at YSU.
American Waste Services Inc. of Warren, which ranked eighth on Fortune magazine’s listing of the nation’s 100 fastest-growing companies, slips to 37th this year.
1978: Despite continued losses in its steel division, Lykes Corp., parent of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co., reports a $7.8 million profit for the second quarter of 1978.
The McCauley Funeral Home, one of the oldest funeral homes in Youngstown, marks its 75th anniversary.
A two-alarm fire of suspicious origin destroys the J&S Choppers motorcycle shop at 2415 Glenwood Ave. The loss is estimated at $72,000.
1968: Residents from the Goleta Avenue area, scene of arson at the time it was purchased by a black family, issue a statement deploring the fire and “welcoming all persons into our neighborhood.”
An explosion in a titanium furnace at Reactive Metals in Niles sends three men to Trumbull Memorial Hospital: Max Ross Jr., 44; George W. Calhoun, 58, and Donald E. Gearhart, 38.
An Austintown woman learning to drive crashes into Holy Family Church rectory on Poland Center Road, injuring herself, her son and granddaughter. Mrs. Geraldine Scaccia, 57, and her family are in fair condition in St. Elizabeth Hospital.
1943: Secretary of State Edward Hummel is asked by Youngstown Law Director James Cannon to remove John Powers, clerk of the board of elections, and John Vitullo, Democratic member of the board, to stop them from using their positions to promote Cannon’s opponent’s candidacy.
Mrs. Anita Ballinger, Newton Falls, formerly of Youngstown, is informed by the War Department that her son, Olof Ballinger, pilot of a Flying Fortress, is missing since a battle over LeMans, France.