Today is Friday, July 13, the 194th day of 2018. There are 171 days left in the year.

Associated Press

On this date in:

1787: The Congress of the Confederation adopts the Northwest Ordinance, which establishes a government in the Northwest Territory, an area corresponding to the eastern half of the present-day Midwest.

1863: Deadly rioting against the Civil War military draft erupts in New York City. (The insurrection was put down three days later.)

1923: A sign consisting of 50-foot-tall letters spelling out “HOLLYWOODLAND” is dedicated in the Hollywood Hills to promote a subdivision (the last four letters were removed in 1949).

1939: Frank Sinatra makes his first commercial recording, “From the Bottom of My Heart” and “Melancholy Mood,” with Harry James and his Orchestra for the Brunswick label.

1960: John F. Kennedy wins the Democratic presidential nomination on the first ballot at his party’s convention in Los Angeles, outdrawing rivals including Lyndon B. Johnson, Stuart Symington and Adlai Stevenson.

1972: George McGovern receives the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Miami Beach.

1978: Lee Iacocca is fired as president of Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II.

1985: “Live Aid,” an international rock concert in London, Philadelphia, Moscow and Sydney, takes place to raise money for Africa’s starving people.


1993: United Steel Workers Local 5962 members at Peerless-Winsmith in Warren vote 100 to 91 to approve a contract that contains 9.5 percent in givebacks, but which will save about 50 jobs that were going to be moved to North Carolina.

Dr. Sue Lytle at the Tiffany Medical Center in Boardman and Dr. Tracy Neuendorf at the Pain Clinic at Youngstown Osteopathic Hospital are using acupuncture on patients suffering from headaches or arthritis.

State Rep. Ronald Mottl, D-North Royalton, asks the Ohio Lottery Commission to investigate joining the multi-state Powerball, which he says could produce a $200 million profit to be earmarked for schools.

1978: Ajax Magnethermic may leave Warren, costing 125 people their jobs, if a strike is not settled, says company president John Logan.

Thomas C. Graham, president of Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp., rejects a meeting with members of USW Local 1462, who will lose their jobs sometime after J&L and Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. are merged into the nation’s fourth largest steel company.

Capt. Milton R. Kochert is honored at a special ceremony at the Naval Reserve Center in recognition of his 31 years of service in the Navy and Naval Reserve. He is chairman of the social-studies department at Poland Local School District.

1968: A strike by about 2,000 Ohio Edison Co. employees, including about 300 in Youngstown, goes into its second day with supervisory personnel maintaining electric service to 150,000 area customers.

Lordstown Township trustees approve a zone change to make way for an industrial park in the southern end of the township, about a half mile east of General Motors. The 70 acres are between Route 45 and Lipkey Road.

1943: Youngstown city council is asked by an Office of Price Administration official to enact municipal legislation to smash black markets and enforce price ceilings.

Judge David Jenkins rules that the Youngstown Civil Service Commission was right to refuse to certify payrolls of three city firemen assigned to fire inspection duty because their pays were excessive.

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