Today is Thursday, July 12, the 193rd day of 2018. There are 172 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1543: England’s King Henry VIII marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr.
1817: Author, poet and naturalist Henry David Thoreau is born in Concord, Mass.
1862: During the Civil War, President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill authorizing the Army Medal of Honor.
1909: The House of Representatives joins the Senate in passing the 16th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, allowing for a federal income tax, and submitted it to the states. (It was declared ratified in February 1913.)
1960: The Etch A Sketch Magic Screen drawing toy, invented by French electrician Andre Cassagnes, is first produced by the Ohio Art Co.
1962: The Rolling Stones play their first gig at The Marquee in London.
1967: Rioting erupts in Newark, N.J., over the police beating of a black taxi driver; 26 people are killed in five days of violence.
1984: Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale announces his choice of U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running-mate; Ferraro becomes the first woman to run for vice president on a major-party ticket.
2017: President Donald Trump’s nominee to lead the FBI, Christopher Wray, tells a Senate panel that he does not believe that a special counsel investigation into possible Russian ties between Russia and the Trump campaign is a “witch hunt,” as Trump has characterized it.
1993: Computer Curriculum Corp. of Sunnyvale, Calif., guarantees a 10-point improvement in test scores if its system is installed in Youngstown’s North Side schools. Youngstown Superintendent Alfred Tutela says such a guarantee is unheard of.
Nancy Lopez, who started the final round of the Youngstown-Warren LPA Classic two strokes off the lead, ties for the lead with an eagle on the 18th hole and then wins a sudden-death playoff with Deb Richard to win the tournament at the Avalon Lakes.
David Robinson, a Youngstown State University communications professor who has studied the gay and lesbian movement, predicts that advocates of gay rights in smaller Ohio cities such as Youngstown will become more assertive.
1978: The bodies of Mrs. Katy Kadunce and her 4-year-old daughter Dawn are found dead of stab wounds on the second floor of their modest home at 702 Wilmington Ave., New Castle, Pa. A 2-month old boy, Robert, was found unharmed and crying in a crib downstairs.
The Warren Board of Education approves a 1979 school budget of $20.7 million.
The Rev. Edward Stanton, director of the Ecumenical Coalition of the Mahoning Valley, and Youngstown Mayor J. Phillip Richley, chairman of the Mahoning Valley Economic Development Committee, say their two organizations will cooperate to find a way of using closed portions of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co.’s Campbell Works.
1968: The Mahoning County Vocational Board of Education places a .47-mill levy on the November ballot for a new vocational high school.
Petitions are being circulated for the annexation of 65 percent of unincorporated Hubbard Township, including Valley Mould & Iron Co., to the city of Hubbard.
1943: A knife fight between four civilians and three soldiers is broken up at Spring Common by city and military police. The civilians went to jail; the soldiers returned to Shenango Replacement Depot.
More than 500 soldiers attend an open house at the USO center in the YMCA. Homemade cakes, pies, baked ham sandwiches and punch are served. Fosterville Memorial Presbyterian Church was in charge with Mrs. Joseph Bennett as chairman.