Today is Wednesday, July 11, the 192nd day of 2018. There are 173 days left in the year.


On this date in:

1767: John Quincy Adams, the sixth president of the United States, is born in Braintree, Mass.

1804: Vice President Aaron Burr mortally wounds former Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton during a pistol duel in Weehawken, N.J. (Hamilton died the next day.)

1859: Big Ben, the great bell inside the famous London clock tower, chimes for the first time.

1937: American composer and pianist George Gershwin dies at a Los Angeles hospital of a brain tumor; he was 38.

1960: The novel “To Kill a Mockingbird” by Harper Lee is first published by J.B. Lippincott and Co.

1977: The Presidential Medal of Freedom is presented to polio vaccine pioneer Dr. Jonas Salk and (posthumously) to the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. by President Jimmy Carter.

1995: The United States normalizes relations with Vietnam.

2017: Emails released by Donald Trump Jr. reveal that he’d been told before meeting with a Russian attorney during the presidential campaign that the Russian government had information that could “incriminate” Hillary Clinton.


1993: After 15 years of court battles and planning, work begins on the removal of toxic wastes from an 11.5-acre dump in Deerfield now known as the Summit National Superfund Site, one of the most polluted toxic waste sites in the nation.

Officials of the Youngstown-Warren Regional Airport are seeking FAA approval for a $3 per passenger fee that would be used to help pay for $1.8 million in airport improvements.

Going into the last round of the Youngstown-Warren LPGA Classic at Avalon Lakes Golf Course, Missie McGeorge and rookie Karen Lunn are tied at 134, two shots ahead of four other golfers, including Hall of Famer Nancy Lopez.

1978: A group of 16 ministers presents a resolution to City Council supporting Mayor J. Phillip Richley’s recent raids on four adult bookstores and expresses its stand against all pornography.

Mahoning Valley Cablevision announces a two-phase $1 million expansion project that will extend its service area to Girard, McDonald, Hubbard and parts of Niles and Howland Township.

Liberty Township trustees vote unanimously to abolish the positions of 24 part-time township patrolmen.

1968: Cheryl Jones, Youngstown fiancee of 23-year-old school teacher Daniel Ronec, who was mutilated and killed by a bomb sent through the mail, thinks a disgruntled student from Central Junior High School in Cleveland mailed the bomb to Ronec.

An Ohio National Guardsman is court-martialed and sentenced to 21 days at hard labor for refusing to bear arms during a civil disturbance in Youngstown. John Lenehan, Cleveland, says he is a conscientious objector.

Welles Department Store sidewalk sale has men’s boxer-style swim trunks for $1.25; boys’ cotton bermudas for $1.25 and boys’ short-sleeved cotton shirts for 97 cents.

1943: U.S. Rep. Michael Kirwan is home after winning a signal victory in the fight for a $1.3 million appropriation to build the Mosquito Creek Reservoir in Trumbull County as a flood control and water-supply project.

Wartime restrictions on gasoline have cost the city $3,424 in revenue from parking meters during the first half of the year. Youngstown’s 800 meters returned $28,765 up to July 1.

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