Today is Sunday, July 8, the 189th day of 2018. There are 176 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1663: King Charles II of England grants a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.
1776: Col. John Nixon gives the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence, outside the State House (now Independence Hall) in Philadelphia.
1889: The Wall Street Journal is first published.
1907: Florenz Ziegfeld stages his first “Follies,” on the roof of the New York Theater.
1919: President Woodrow Wilson receives a tumultuous welcome in New York City after his return from the Versailles Peace Conference in France.
1947: A New Mexico newspaper, the Roswell Daily Record, quotes officials at Roswell Army Air Field as saying they have recovered a “flying saucer” that crashed onto a ranch; officials then said it was actually a weather balloon. (To this day, there are those who believe what fell to Earth was an alien spaceship carrying extra-terrestrial beings.)
1950: President Harry S. Truman names Gen. Douglas MacArthur commander-in-chief of United Nations forces in Korea.
1967: Academy Award-winning actress Vivien Leigh, 53, dies in London.
1975: President Gerald R. Ford announces he would seek a second term of office.
1986: Kurt Waldheim is inaugurated as president of Austria despite controversy over his alleged ties to Nazi war crimes.
1994: Kim Il Sung, North Korea’s communist leader since 1948, dies at age 82.
2007: Roger Federer wins his fifth straight Wimbledon championship, beating Rafael Nadal 7-6 (7), 4-6, 7-6 (3), 2-6, 6-2.
2011: Former first lady Betty Ford dies in Rancho Mirage, Calif., at age 93.
Atlantis thunders into orbit on a cargo run that would close out the three-decade U.S. space shuttle program.
2013: Breaking their public silence, three women who’d been held captive in a Cleveland home for a decade issue a YouTube video; in it, Amanda Berry, Gina DeJesus and Michelle Knight thank the public for the encouragement and financial support allowing them to restart their lives.
1993: An estimated two tons of iron oxide sludge being hauled from a steel mill to Browning-Ferris Indsutries’ Carbon Limestone landfill spills from a tractor-trailer on Route 224 near Struthers Road in Poland Township, causing a mess and raising environmental questions.
Ira D. Thomas, president of Ira Thomas Associates, is stepping aside as president of the advertising and public relations firm. James B. Nash will be president.
A third person infected with AIDS by Florida Dentist David Acer dies at his Akron home. John Yecs Jr., 36, is one of six people believed to have been infected by Acer.
1978: Sharon Steel Corp. directors approve a program to spend $2.9 million to modernize its Roemer Works electric furnace and $8 million on pollution-control equipment.
During a presentation to local news media at the Avalon Inn in Howland, General Motors shows off a diesel V-8 engine for its downsized Cadillac Seville.
Tom Jarrett of Austintown, driving a 1977 Camaro 454, starts at the pole position and leads throughout to win the 35-lap late-model feature race at Lernerville Speedway at Sarver, Pa.
1968: Donald Cessna, 12, Boardman Junior High School student, wins the Class B division of the Youngstown Soap Box Derby and then beats Daniel Mullienax, Class A winner, to earn a place in the national derby competition.
Joseph Zurko, a Youngstown steelworker enjoying the first day of his vacation, is killed when struck by a car at Wilson Avenue and Queen Street.
1943: Seaman William Rakocy of Youngstown recently completed murals that decorate the entrance of the huge drill hall at Great Lakes Triangle Center.
Ralph George Callahan of Youngstown, fireman first class in the Navy, survives the sinking of the Chicago on Jan. 30 only to be assigned to the cruiser Helena, which sank in a battle off Kula Gulf. His fate is unknown.
Leon A. Beeghly, president of Standard Slag Co., is elected president of the Youngstown Chamber of Commerce to succeed the late William Gillies.