Today is Monday, July 2, the 183rd day of 2018. There are 182 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1776: The Continental Congress passes a resolution saying that “these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.”
1867: New York’s first elevated rail line, a single track between Battery Place and Greenwich Street, goes into operation.
1881: President James A. Garfield is shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield died the following September. (Guiteau was hanged in June 1882.)
1892: The Populist Party (also known as the People’s Party) opens its first national convention in Omaha, Neb.
1917: Rioting erupts in East St. Louis, Ill., as white mobs attack black residents; nearly 50 people, mostly blacks, are believed to have died in the violence.
1937: Aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight along the equator.
1955: “The Lawrence Welk Show” premieres on ABC-TV under its original title, “The Dodge Dancing Party.”
1961: Author Ernest Hemingway shoots himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.
1964: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress.
1997: Academy Award-winning actor James Stewart dies in Beverly Hills, Calif., at age 89.
2017: New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie is photographed with his family soaking up the sun on a beach he had closed to the public for the Fourth of July weekend because of a government shutdown.
1993: Youngstown Board of Education member Don Hanni III demands that assistant superintendent Douglas Hiscox move into the city school district or risk losing his job.
General Electric’s Ohio Lamp Plant in Warren will lose about 100 jobs to divisions in Virginia, Mexico and Canada in what the company terms a “strategic decision to be more competitive.”
U.S. Rep. James A. Traficant Jr., D-Poland, launches a new drive for the government to honor the 60-year-old “Buy American Act.”
1978: Liberty Police Chief James Cerenelli recommends that trustees eliminate the 24 part-time patrolmen because of problems being caused by “a few bad apples.”
A plan designed to safeguard about 1,200 steel jobs and preserve Youngstown as a steel center involves building a one-million-ton electric furnace that would cost $125 million. Ohio Gov. James A Rhodes hints that the state could provide $15 million to $20 million.
James Scanlon, vice president of Commercial Shearing, is named president of the Easter Seal Society for Crippled Children and Adults of Mahoning County, succeeding Allan Katzman.
1968: The Youngstown Board of Education adopts a budget for 1969 calling for spending $21.4 million , which is $6.9 million more than its projected income. It will need passage of a 12-mill levy to balance the budget.
Thunderstorms, high winds, rain, lightning and hail lash the Youngstown district. Harry Nelson of Southington was killed by lightning. David Post, 12, helping him load hay was knocked to the ground, but escaped injury.
1943: Frank Lucas, 23, merchant mariner of Youngstown, who with 24 other crew members drifted for 14 days in a lifeboat in the South Pacific before being rescued is home on furlough.
A $4 million appropriation for building the proposed Mosquito Creek Dam and reservoir near Cortland is expected to be given to the U.S. Army Engineers soon so work can begin.