Today is Sunday, July 1, the 182nd day of 2018. There are 183 days left in the year. This is Canada Day.


On this day in:

1535: Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England, charged with high treason for rejecting the Oath of Supremacy. (More was convicted, and executed.)

1867: Canada becomes a self-governing dominion of Great Britain as the British North America Act takes effect.

1916: During World War I, France and Britain launch the Somme Offensive against the German army; the 41/2-month battle results in heavy casualties and produces no clear winner.

Dwight D. Eisenhower marries Mary (“Mamie”) Geneva Doud in Denver.

1934: Hollywood begins enforcing its Production Code subjecting motion pictures to censorship review.

1946: The United States explodes a 20-kiloton atomic bomb near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.

1973: The Drug Enforcement Administration is established.

1980: “O Canada” is proclaimed the national anthem of Canada.

1987: President Ronald Reagan nominates federal appeals court Judge Robert H. Bork to the Supreme Court, setting off a tempestuous confirmation process that ends with Bork’s rejection by the Senate.

1991: President George H.W. Bush nominates federal appeals court Judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court.

Actor Robert Mitchum dies in Santa Barbara, Calif., at age 79.

2002: The world’s first permanent war crimes tribunal, the International Criminal Court, comes into existence.

2013: President Barack Obama, during a visit to Tanzania, brushes aside sharp European criticism, suggesting that all nations spy on one another as the French and Germans express outrage over allegations of U.S. eavesdropping on diplomats from the European Union.


1993: The 11th District Court of Appeals rules that Thomas Rudge of Fowler should get a new trial after being found guilty of two murders because a member of the Trumbull County jury that convicted him had been heard to say “hang him now” during the trial.

Rudolph A. Schlais, general manager of Packard Electric Division of General Motors, is named a corporate vice president of General Motors Corp.

Liberty Schools Superintendent Grant Dieter, who had filed suit challenging the board of education’s failure to renew his contract, will resign after receiving a $35,000 settlement.

1978: The bodies of William Brainard, 48; his wife, Janice, 45, and their 5-year-old granddaughter, Dawn Waszo, are found in the Brainard’s Gardner-Barclay Road in North Bloomfield. Trumbull County Sheriff Richard Jakmas says a 27-year-old suspect who is armed and should be considered dangerous is being sought.

The Rev. J. Patrick Manning Jr., a member of St. Edward Parish in Youngstown and a graduate of Ursuline High School, will be ordained July 23 in St. Columba Cathedral by Bishop James W. Malone.

Gov. James A. Rhodes signs a bill delaying implementation of a law passed earlier in the year requiring the installation of smoke detectors in certain high- rise buildings.

1968: A plot to assassinate 10 Pennsylvania policemen and two FBI agents emerged during questioning of four men captured after they sought refuge in a Girard home, holding a couple hostage.

The Youngstown Board of Education votes 4-3 to end its bargaining agreement with the Youngstown Education Association, clearing the way for a secret election to choose between the YEA and Youngstown Federation of Teachers.

1943: Four of the 16 men indicted in the second partial report of the state special grand jury investigating gambling and crime in Youngstown are missing.

A new law providing a $50 fine for first-offense jaywalkers is now effective. There’s a fine of $10 to $100 for second offense or 10 days imprisonment or both.

An extensive black market exists in the Mahoning Valley affecting virtually every retail dealer whose supplies have been diminished by rationing. Tavern keepers are paying $45.60 a case for whiskey purchased out of state.

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