Today is Sunday, Jan. 21, the 21st day of 2018. There are 344 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1793: During the French Revolution, King Louis XVI, condemned for treason, is executed on the guillotine.
1861: Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and four other Southerners whose states had seceded from the Union resign from the U.S. Senate.
1908: New York City’s Board of Aldermen passes an ordinance prohibiting women from smoking in public establishments (the measure was vetoed by Mayor George B. McClellan Jr., but not before one woman, Katie Mulcahey, was jailed overnight for refusing to pay a fine).
1915: The first Kiwanis Club, dedicated to community service, is founded in Detroit.
1924: Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin dies at age 53.
1937: Count Basie and his band record “One O’Clock Jump” for Decca Records (on this date in 1942, they re-recorded the song for Okeh Records).
1942: Pinball machines are banned in New York City after a court ruled they are gambling devices that rely on chance rather than skill (the ban was lifted in 1976).
1954: The first atomic submarine, the USS Nautilus, is launched at Groton, Conn. (however, the Nautilus did not make its first nuclear-powered run until nearly a year later).
1958: Charles Starkweather, 19, kills three relatives of his 14-year-old girlfriend, Caril Ann Fugate, at her family’s home in Lincoln, Neb. (Starkweather and Fugate went on a road trip, which resulted in seven more slayings; Starkweather was eventually executed while Fugate spent 17 years in prison despite maintaining she was a hostage, not an accomplice.)
1968: The North Vietnamese Army launches a full-scale assault against the U.S. combat base in Khe Sanh, South Vietnam, in a siege lasting 11 weeks; although the Americans were able to hold back the communists, they end up dismantling and abandoning the base.
An American B-52 bomber carrying four hydrogen bombs crashes in Greenland, killing one crew member and scattering radioactive material.
North Korean commandos try but fail to assassinate South Korean President Park Chung-hee at his official residence, the Blue House, in Seoul.
1977: On his first full day in office, President Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders.
1982: Convict-turned- author Jack Henry Abbott is found guilty in New York of first-degree manslaughter in the stabbing death of waiter Richard Adan in 1981. (Abbott was later sentenced to 15 years to life in prison; he committed suicide in 2002.)
1998: Actor Jack Lord of “Hawaii Five-O” fame dies in Honolulu at 77.
2008: Democratic presidential rivals Hillary Rodham Clinton and Barack Obama accuse each other of repeatedly and deliberately distorting the truth for political gain in a highly personal debate in Myrtle Beach, S.C.
2013: A day after being inaugurated for a second term in a private Sunday ceremony, President Barack Obama takes a public oath, summoning a divided nation to act with “passion and dedication” to broaden equality and prosperity at home, nurture democracy around the world and combat global warming.
2017: A day after Donald Trump’s inauguration, more than 1 million people rally at women’s marches in the nation’s capital and cities around the world to send the new president a message that they wouldn’t let his agenda go unchallenged.
1993: Niles City Council commits to paying a 10 percent share of the $150-million cost of the proposed Belle-Ville Hydro Plant that would be built on the Ohio River near Parkersville, W. Va., and would serve 49 municipalities.
Tony Volpe, Boardman High School senior, is recognized by the National Soccer Coaches Association as an all-American, following his selection by the Ohio High School Soccer Coaches Association as player-of-the-year in Division I.
Second Ward Councilman Lock Beachum proposes spending at least $50,000 to establish a youth services division under the Park and Recreation Department to give city youngsters something to do besides just “hang out.”
1978: Residents of the Mahoning and Shenango valleys dig out from 18 inches of snow over two days.
Ralph’s Sales and Service in East Palestine and Greenford Tractor Sales and Service say heavy snows for the second straight year are producing brisk sales of snowmobiles.
The Trumbull New Theater dedicates its production of “The Runner Stumbles,” directed by Mrs. Thorn Pendleton, to one of its founding members, Carolyn Marra, who died Dec. 6.
1968: The first half of 1967 real- estate tax statements that show increases in districts that approved levies are mailed out, and the courthouse switchboard lit up with complainers.
Mahoning County commissioners are going to have a record $6 million in general fund money in 1968, bolstered by a $408,000 balance at the end of 1967.
John Kennedy, Springfield Local Schools’ shooting ace, is hitting shots at a 52.8 percent rate and had a string of 38 straight free throws before missing.
1943: Second Lt. Carl A. Matteo of Niles is among the 26 passengers and nine crew members killed in the crash of a four- engine transport plane in Dutch Guiana.
Collectors for the M. DeBartolo Co., holder of the city garbage contract, return to work with a minimum wage guarantee of 90 cents an hour for drivers and 85 cents for helpers.
A survey of Youngstown’s public transportation system may be made by the Office of Defense Transportation. Chief aim of the ODT is to get defense workers to their jobs with the least possible confusion.
A brilliant ball attended by 200 at the Masonic Temple highlights the winter season for Knights Templar 20, St. John’s Commandery.