Today is Sunday, Jan. 7, the seventh day of 2018. There are 358 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1610: Astronomer Galileo Galilei begins observing three of Jupiter’s moons (he spotted a fourth moon almost a week later).
1789: America has its first presidential election as voters choose electors who, a month later, selected George Washington to be the nation’s first chief executive.
1800: The 13th president of the United States, Millard Fillmore, is born in Summerhill, N.Y.
1904: The Marconi International Marine Communication Co. of London announces that the telegraphed letters “CQD” will serve as a maritime distress call (it was later replaced with “SOS”).
1927: Commercial transatlantic telephone service is inaugurated between New York and London.
1942: Japanese forces begin besieging American and Filipino troops in Bataan during World War II. (The fall of Bataan three months later is followed by the notorious Death March.)
1949: George C. Marshall resigns as U.S. secretary of state; President Harry S. Truman chooses Dean Acheson to succeed him.
1959: The United States recognizes the new government of Cuba, six days after Fidel Castro led the overthrow of Fulgencio Batista.
1963: The U.S. Post Office raises the cost of a first-class stamp from 4 to 5 cents.
1979: Vietnamese forces capture the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government.
1989: Emperor Hirohito of Japan dies in Tokyo at age 87; he is succeeded by his son, Crown Prince Akihito.
1999: For the second time in history, an impeached American president goes on trial before the Senate. President Bill Clinton faces charges of perjury and obstruction of justice; he is acquitted.
2008: The Pentagon reports that an Iranian fleet of high-speed boats had charged at and threatened to blow up a three-ship U.S. Navy convoy in the Strait of Hormuz a day earlier, then vanished as the American ship commanders were preparing to open fire.
Second-ranked LSU defeats No. 1 Ohio State, 38-24, in the BCS championship game played in New Orleans.
Philip Agee, a renegade CIA agent whose naming of operatives led to a law against exposing spies, dies in Cuba at age 72.
2013: President Barack Obama announces he would nominate former GOP Sen. Chuck Hagel as his next defense secretary, calling him “the leader our troops deserve”; Obama also chooses White House counterterrorism adviser John Brennan to lead the Central Intelligence Agency.
The No. 2 Alabama Crimson Tide rolls top-ranked Notre Dame 42-14 for the BCS championship.
2015: Masked gunmen storm the Paris offices of Charlie Hebdo, a French newspaper, methodically killing 12 people before escaping. Charlie Hebdo had caricatured the Prophet Muhammad. (Two suspects were killed two days later.)
Actor Rod Taylor 82, dies in Los Angeles.
2017: President-elect Donald Trump, in a series of tweets, says “only ‘stupid’ people or fools” would dismiss closer ties with Russia, and he seems unswayed after his classified briefing on an intelligence report that accused Moscow of meddling on his behalf in the election that catapulted him to power.
Nat Hentoff, an eclectic columnist, critic, novelist and agitator dedicated to music, free expression and defying the party line, dies in New York at age 91.
1993: Two small Catholic parishes in New Castle, St. Margaret and Sts. Philip and James churches, are slated to close under a recommendation to Pittsburgh Bishop Donald W. Wuerl. The churches of St. Lucy, St. Michael and Holy Cross Mission are slated for consolidation.
The Waste Technologies Industries hazardous waste incinerator at East Liverpool is slated to be fired up for a test burn.
An Azco Salt Co. executive tells a packed meeting at St. James Church Hall that his company’s plan to develop a salt mine in Jackson Township depends on the ability to sell co-generated electricity from the plant and to obtain 7 million gallons of water a day.
1978: The Packard Electric Division of General Motors Corp. in Warren will lay off 1,100 of its 10,500 hourly and salaried employees indefinitely. A company spokesman declined to categorize the jobs as “lost” at this time.
In a case brought by Carolyn Burger, a teacher of deaf students in Youngstown City Schools, Judge Elwyn Jenkins rules that Youngstown teachers are entitled to maternity leave for adoptive children as well as birth children. Mrs. Burger was denied maternity leave when she and her husband adopted a daughter in November.
Ron Calcagni, the former Chaney High athlete who led Arkansas to 31-6 victory over Oklahoma in the Orange Bowl, says the Razorbacks could win the national title in 1978.
1968: The Trumbull County Agricultural Society is considering construction of a $1.2 million arena at the new Trumbull County Fairgrounds in Bazetta Township.
Youngstown councilmen balk on holding a hearing for the proposed $382,185 budget for the municipal health department until the responsibility for clearing rubbish and garbage dumped on vacant lots and city streets is established.
Fewer than 10 percent of the approximately 3,000 aliens in the Youngstown area have returned their address report cards to U.S. post offices. Aliens who fail to report their address may be taken into custody and be deported.
Eighty projects in Mahoning County will cost about $40 million and will be placed under contract in 1968, with the Madison Expressway the first project to be bid.
1943: The Youngstown area Community and War Chest campaign for $305,472 goes over the top by more than $17,000.
Dr. George Crile, internationally known physician and surgeon, dies at Crile Clinic in Cleveland of a heart ailment – a disease for which he thought he discovered the cause.
Lt. Cmdr. John R. Yoho, Midlothian Boulevard, is killed in a crash of a Navy plane north of Fentress, Va.