Today is Wednesday, Jan. 3, the third day of 2018. There are 362 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1521: Martin Luther is excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church by Pope Leo X.
1868: Japan’s Meiji Restoration re-establishes authority of the emperor and heralds the fall of the military rulers known as shoguns; the upheaval would pave the way for Japan’s drive toward becoming a modern power.
1870: Groundbreaking takes place for the Brooklyn Bridge.
1938: The March of Dimes campaign to fight polio is established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, who himself had been afflicted with the crippling disease.
1959: Alaska becomes the 49th state as President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a proclamation.
1967: Jack Ruby, the man who shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, dies in a Dallas hospital.
1977: Apple Computer is incorporated in Cupertino, Calif.
2008: Illinois Sen. Barack Obama wins Democratic caucuses in Iowa, while Mike Huckabee wins the Republican caucuses.
2017: Ford Motor Co. cancels plans to build a new $1.6 billion factory in Mexico, and says it will invest at least some of the savings in new electric and autonomous vehicles.
1993: A four-county area that includes Youngstown and Warren had the highest average inpatient hospital charges among 10 Ohio regions.
Deborah Wallace, a senior at Rayen School, wins the district competition in the 46th annual Voice of Democracy Speech Program sponsored by the Veterans of Foreign Wars.
The Ohio Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation, which was established in November 1991, has spent 11 months investigating purported police misconduct at two Trumbull County police departments: Bazetta and Brookfield.
1978: Donald Morris, 41, dies while trying to save his stepson, Christopher Stiles, 5, from the family’s mobile home on Kinsman-Orangeville Road in northern Trumbull County that was engulfed in flames after a furnace explosion. Both were pronounced dead at Trumbull Memorial Hospital.
Ernest E. Murphy, 52, and his wife, Doris Jean, 50, of West South Range Road, Alliance, die after their single-engine airplane crashes into a fog-covered mountain near Pearisburg, Va.
After Alabama defeats Ohio State 35-6 in the Sugar Bowl, Buckeyes Coach Woody Hayes concedes that Alabama deserves to be ranked No. 1 in college football.
1968: The Atlantic and Pacific Tea Co. will consolidate its Youngstown operations with the new facilities opening at Maple Heights. Ivan R. Wolf, vice president in charge of the Youngstown operations, will retire.
Alice Lev is named by Mayor Anthony Flask to the newly created $8,000-a-year post of associate director of the Mayor’s Human Relations Commission and the Fair Employment Practices Committee.
Mahoning County Commissioner John Palermo is re-elected chairman of the coordinating committee of the Mahoning-Trumbull County Transportation Committees after a move to unseat him failed, 19-9.
1943: Niles Mayor Elmer E. Fisher asks Ohio Sen. Robert E. Taft to support the federal government’s assumption of the cost of operations for the McKinley Memorial. Fisher says the city cannot afford the cost and the memorial “belongs to the entire nation.”
Standard Slag Co. gives 22 acres bordering Lockwood Boulevard to Mill Creek Park.
George C. Brainard, Fifth Avenue, president of General Fireproofing Co., is designated chairman of the Fourth Federal Reserve Bank in Cleveland for 1943.