Today is Thursday, Aug. 23, the 235th day of 2018. There are 130 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1775: Britain’s King George III proclaims the American colonies to be in a state of “open and avowed rebellion.”
1785: U.S. naval hero Oliver Hazard Perry is born in South Kingstown, R.I.
1914: Japan declares war against Germany in World War I.
1927: Amid worldwide protests, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed in Boston for the murders of two men during a 1920 robbery.
1960: Broadway librettist Oscar Hammerstein II, 65, dies in Doylestown, Pa.
1989: In a case that inflamed racial tensions in New York, Yusuf Hawkins, a 16-year-old black youth, is shot dead after he and his friends were confronted by a group of white youths in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn.
2008: Democratic presidential candidate Barack Obama introduced his choice of running mate, Sen. Joe Biden of Delaware, before a crowd outside the Old State Capitol in Springfield, Ill.
2017: City workers in Charlottesville, Va., drape giant black covers over two statues of Confederate generals to symbolize the city’s mourning for a woman killed while protesting a white nationalist rally.
1993: Claire Maluso, director of the Federal Plaza Committee, estimates that 3,500 people attended “Riversounds” at the B&O Station in downtown Youngstown.
Dr. Robert S. Backlow, president and dean of the Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, says he is spreading the message that NEOUCOM is a community-based school with an obligation to produce community-based primary-care practitioners.
Mahoning County commissioners agree to bail out Youngstown by taking over the city jail if legal and financial barriers can be removed.
1978: Jessie F. Manning of Pontiac, Mich., pleads guilty in Trumbull County Common Pleas Court to three counts of manslaughter in the 1972 gangland-style killings of Janet Kilgore and Joyce Hugley, both 19, and Clarence “Cookie” Williamson, 22.
Vindicator carrier Mark Senich, 15, finds the stolen purse of YSU geology professor Ann Harris along railroad tracks in Hubbard. Her money was gone, but all of the maps she had made of area mines and other research materials were recovered.
A 15-year-old Austintown youth, Delmar Conn, is in critical condition in St. Elizabeth Hospital after being wounded while groundhog hunting with two companions in Jackson Township.
1968: Bishop James W. Malone directs priests, religious and laity of the Youngstown Diocese to support financially and through personal involvement efforts to assist all poor people.
Production is underway on three new lines of Republic Steel Corp.’s pre-engineered steel buildings at its manufacturing division (Truscon). Startup of the $1.25 million facility marks the inauguration of a major sales and marketing program.
A train with “Soviets Go Home” chalked on its side carried 426 weary people, including eight Youngstown students (Susan Kalenits, Karen Karstetter, James A. Kelley, Gary Kubina, Janet Lifko, Kathleen Bury, Betty Ann Morris and James Roman) and their counselor, into Vienna, Austria, from Soviet-occupied Czechoslovakia.
1943: Business for Youngstown’s restaurants has increased at least 30 percent during the past several months, which is attributed to a rise in income and an influx of soldiers from the Shenango depot.
The Youngstown Playground Association makes final plans for its annual track meet, which was begun 18 years ago by John H. Chase.
Pfc. Aloysius Boncyck, a paratrooper who enlisted two days before Pearl Harbor, is killed in action in North Africa.