Today is Sunday, Aug. 19, the 231st day of 2018. There are 134 days left in the year.
On this date in:
A.D. 14: Caesar Augustus, Rome’s first emperor, dies at age 76 after a reign lasting four decades; he is succeeded by his stepson Tiberius.
1812: The USS Constitution defeats the British frigate HMS Guerriere off Nova Scotia during the War of 1812, earning the nickname “Old Ironsides.”
1814: During the War of 1812, British forces land at Benedict, Md., with the objective of capturing Washington D.C.
1909: The first automobile races are run at the just-opened Indiana polis Motor Speedway; the winner of the first event is auto engineer Louis Schwitzer, who drove a Stoddard-Dayton touring car twice around the 2.5-mile track at an average speed of 57.4 mph.
1934: A plebiscite in Germany approves the vesting of sole executive power in Adolf Hitler.
1936: The first of a series of show trials orchestrated by Soviet leader Josef Stalin begins in Moscow as 16 defendants face charges of conspiring against the government (all were convicted and executed).
1942: During World War II, about 6,000 Canadian and British soldiers launch a disastrous raid against the Germans at Dieppe, France, suffering more than 50-percent casualties.
1951: The owner of the St. Louis Browns, Bill Veeck, sends in Eddie Gaedel, a 3-foot-7 player with dwarfism, to pinch-hit in a game against Detroit.
1976: President Gerald R. Ford wins the Republican presidential nomination in Kansas City.
1980: Three hundred people aboard a Saudi Arabian L-1011 die as the jetliner made a fiery emergency return to the Riyadh airport.
1987: A gun collector runs through Hungerford, England, 60 miles west of London, killing 16 people, including his mother, before turning his gun on himself.
2004: Google begins trading on the Nasdaq Stock Market, ending the day up $15.34 at $100.34.
2008: Tropical Storm Fay rolls ashore in Florida short of hurricane strength but mysteriously gains speed as it headed over land.
2013:Olympian runner Oscar Pistorius is indicted in Pretoria, South Africa, on charges of murder and illegal possession of ammunition for the shooting death of his girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp, at his home on Valentine’s Day 2013.
2013: Thousands of demonstrators chanting anti-Nazi slogans and denouncing white nationalism upstage a small group of conservatives in Boston who had gathered for a “free speech rally.”
1993: Chicago Tribune columnist Mike Royko, whose column appears in 500 newspapers, writes approvingly of Trumbull County Common Pleas Judge Wyatt McKay’s condemnation of a child rapist during sentencing. After tacking an extra 25 years on the rapist’s sentencing for stealing his victim’s bra, McKay told deputies to “get this scum out of here.”
A federal loan guarantee is the last financial requirement before construction can begin on a second restaurant along the Mahoning River, which will be known as Mr. Anthony’s by the River.
John “Boy” Bizzarro of Erie defeats Charlie “White Lightning” Brown for the International Boxing Organization’s World Intercontinental Welterweight Championship at the Eastwood Mall Expo Center.
1978: Youngstown Mayor J. Phillip Richley and the Mahoning Valley Economic Development Committee unveil their alternative for restoring jobs in the steel industry – a national development and demonstration center for steel technology.
Ajax Magnethermic Corp. of Warren announces a $10,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person or persons responsible for shooting out windows of the company’s office building at 174 Overland Ave.
Taryn Rosenquist, a 1976 graduate of Boardman High School, leaves to serve one year as a student missionary in Tokyo, Japan.
1968: Dr. Milton Katz, 44, of Los Alamitos, Calif., who taught high school in Farrell, Pa., before becoming a physician, is among three people killed when their light plane crashed while approaching the Monterey Peninsula airport in northern California.
Ohio’s weekly traffic death toll – 31, with two triple fatality accidents included – was the highest of the year.
The Canfield Fair will display the U.S. Air Force’s “Tweetie Bird” or T-37, an aircraft used both in training and combat operations. The plane is a two-seated subsonic jet.
1943: The Youngstown Municipal Airport will become an official U.S. Weather Bureau within days.
Atty. Fred J. Heim will head Mahoning County’s third war loan drive in which residents will be asked to buy $16 million worth of war bonds.
Lt. William Cleveland, formerly of Warren, enroute from his California base to Tuskegee, Ala., to enter the Air Corps, is the guest of Mrs. Sara Cyrus and Mrs. Alice Janis of Youngstown