Today is Sunday, Aug. 12, the 224th day of 2018. There are 141 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1859: Poet and English professor Katharine Lee Bates, who wrote the words to “America the Beautiful,” is born in Falmouth, Mass.
1898: Fighting in the Spanish-American War ends.
1909: The Indianapolis Motor Speedway, home to the Indianapolis 500, first opens.
1937: President Franklin D. Roosevelt nominates Hugo Black to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1944: During World War II, Joseph P. Kennedy Jr., eldest son of Joseph and Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, is killed with his co-pilot when their explosives-laden Navy plane blows up over England.
1953: The Soviet Union conducts a secret test of its first hydrogen bomb.
1977: The space shuttle Enterprise passes its first solo flight test by taking off atop a Boeing 747, separating, then touching down in California’s Mojave Desert.
1981: IBM introduces its first personal computer, the model 5150, at a press conference in New York.
1985: The world’s worst single-aircraft disaster occurs as a crippled Japan Airlines Boeing 747 on a domestic flight crashes into a mountain, killing 520 people. (Four people survived.)
1992: After 14 months of negotiations, the United States, Mexico and Canada announce in Washington that they had concluded the North American Free Trade Agreement.
2000: The Russian nuclear submarine Kursk and its 118-man crew are lost during naval exercises in the Barents Sea.
2004: New Jersey Gov. James E. McGreevey announces his resignation and acknowledges that he’s had an extramarital affair with another man.
2008: Declaring “the aggressor has been punished,” the Kremlin orders a halt to Russia’s devastating assault on Georgia .
2013:James “Whitey” Bulger, the feared Boston mob boss who became one of the nation’s most-wanted fugitives, is convicted in a string of 11 killings and dozens of other gangland crimes, many of them committed while he was said to be an FBI informant. (Bulger is now serving a life sentence in federal prison.)
2017: A car plows into a crowd of people peacefully protesting a white nationalist rally in the Virginia college town of Charlottesville, killing 32-year-old Heather Heyer and hurting more than a dozen others.
1993: Ten students from the area around Chernobyl who were subjected to radiation emitted by the failed nuclear power plant, are spending time in Columbiana County for the second straight year.
Summit County Judge James P. Winter sentences Willie J. “Flip” Williams Jr. to death for the murder of four young men on Youngstown’s East Side in 1991. He also sentences him to a minimum of 60 years in prison on four kidnapping charges.
WRBP, the first urban-contemporary FM radio station in the Mahoning and Shenango valleys, will soon debut.
1978: An off-duty Campbell policeman, Clarence Hudson, 26, and his brother, Charles, 24, are hospitalized in satisfactory condition with gunshot wounds suffered during an argument with a third man outside the Tip Top Tavern on Emerald Street.
The Ohio Supreme Court reduces the death sentences of 53 men to life imprisonment after the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling that Ohio’s death penalty is unconstitutional. Among the local men spared the death sentence are John Ingram of Mahoning County and Pompie Junior Wade of Trumbull County.
Advertisement: Now, televising live from the auditorium of the Mount Calvary Pentecostal Church, Dr. Norman L. Wagner and the “Power of Pentecost.” Every Saturday night for one hour on WYTV-Channel 33.
1968: Retired Methodist Bishop Wilbur Emery Hammaker, 92, pastor of Trinity Methodist Church in Youngstown from 1915 to 1936 and a lifelong advocate of temperance, dies in Denver.
A bandit brandishing a pistol in one hand and a shotgun in the other takes about $300 from Foy’s Bar-B-Q on Wilson Avenue.
Workers began return ing on the midnight shift to Copperweld Steel Co., Warren, after a three-year agreement is reached by the company and union ending a 10-day strike.
1943: Six U.S. editors and publishers, including William F. Maag, editor and publisher of The Vindicator, arrive in Britain for a tour sponsored by the Ministry of Information.
The Mahoning County selective service boards will have to draft fathers by October if they are to meet their goal.
Howard W. Jones, president of Youngstown College, will receive an honorary doctorate from Westminster College.