Today is Thursday, Aug. 2, the 214th day of 2018. There are 151 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1610: During his fourth voyage to the Western Hemisphere, English explorer Henry Hudson sails into what is now known as Hudson Bay.
1776: Members of the Second Continental Congress begin attaching their signatures to the Declaration of Independence.
1876: Frontiersman “Wild Bill” Hickok was shot and killed while playing poker at a saloon in Deadwood, Dakota Territory, by Jack McCall, who was later hanged.
1939: Albert Einstein signs a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt urging creation of an atomic weapons research program.
1974: Former White House counsel John W. Dean III is sentenced to one to four years in prison for obstruction of justice in the Watergate cover-up. (Dean ended up serving four months.)
1990: Iraq invades Kuwait, seizing control of the oil-rich emirate. (The Iraqis were later driven out in Operation Desert Storm.)
2013: The United States issues an extraordinary global travel warning to Americans about the threat of an al-Qaida attack and closed down 21 embassies and consulates across the Muslim world for the weekend.
1993: McCullough Williams Jr. one-time mayoral candidate and a longtime civil-rights activist in Youngstown, says he still hopes the city may have a black mayor.
The Bavarian Funfest, a downtown Sharon, Pa., event for 19 years, is getting good reviews at its new location, Conneaut Lake Park.
The Girard City School District will offer a free-preschool program for 3- to 5-year-old children who live in the city. Handicapped children from throughout Trumbull County are also eligible.
1978: U.S. District Judge Leroy J. Contie Jr. orders that the number of white and black teachers and administrators in each Youngstown city school must match within 5 percent the overall white-to-minority staff ratio. The order comes the same day that Emanuel Catsoules takes over as school superintendent.
Republican Councilman-at-large Joyce Wilson resigns after 14 years on the Salem City Council. W. Jay Hunston, 28-year-old clerk of council, is named to Wilson’s unexpired term.
A gunman fires 24 rounds into the executive office of Ajax Magnethermic Co. in Warren, causing $10,000 in damage. USW Local 5939 has been on strike against the company for 11 weeks.
1968: Mahoning Common Pleas Judge Forrest J. Cavalier temporarily enjoins the Youngstown Board of Education from deducting $5 dues from each noncertificated employee and from paying a representative of a union from school funds.
Horace Starks, 43, of Youngstown is in critical condition in St. Elizabeth Hospital after his eye was gouged out in an argument over a card game at a North Avenue Home. An Albert Street man is being questioned.
Harry Spero, president and treasurer of Youngstown Towel & Supply Co. and United Service Co., left an estate of $1.3 million in trust for his wife and immediate family.
1943: Newton Falls council members and businessmen protest a federal order to close three trailer parks in the city that are home to 223 families, most of which have members working at the Ravenna Ordnance center.
Julia Halls Court is in fair condition in South Side Hospital after being badly beaten by two men who entered her home. She ran to a neighbor’s home, who took her to the hospital.
Lou Bobala scores 32-36-68, 4 under par, for the new lowest total of the season in the qualifying round of the club championship at the Poland Country Club.