Today is Friday, Sept. 8, the 251st day of 2017. There are 114 days left in the year.


On this date in:

1892: An early version of “The Pledge of Allegiance,” written by Francis Bellamy, appears in “The Youth’s Companion.” It went: “I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”

1900: Galveston, Texas, is struck by a hurricane that kills an estimated 8,000 people.

1921: Margaret Gorman, 16, of Washington, D.C., is crowned the first “Miss America” in Atlantic City, N.J.

1935: Sen. Huey P. Long, D-La., is shot and mortally wounded inside the Louisiana State Capitol. He would die two days later.

1966: The science-fiction series “Star Trek” premieres on NBC. The situation comedy “That Girl,” starring Marlo Thomas, debuts on ABC.

1974: President Gerald R. Ford grants a “full, free, and absolute pardon” to former President Richard Nixon covering his entire term in office.

1994: USAir Flight 427 crashes into a ravine as it was approaching Pittsburgh International Airport, killing all 132 people on board.

2007: Sheriff’s deputies in Logan County, W. Va., remove Megan Williams, a 20-year-old black woman, from a house in Big Creek, where she’d endured what authorities described as days of torture. (Seven white men and women pleaded guilty in connection with the case.)


1992: Joseph Alessi, Youngstown’s safety coordinator, says a state law that allows longtime government workers to retire, draw a pension and return to their old jobs could save the city about $100,000 a year because the health premiums of retired workers would be paid by the state retirement system.

An autopsy will be performed to determine the cause of death of a 35-year-old man who lived for 71 days after receiving a baboon liver transplant at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.

Nine General Motors assembly plants are gearing up to resume production when parts become available from the fabricating plant at Lordstown that was idled by a strike for nine days.

1977: Led by officials from the Mahoning Valley, a coalition of mayors, commissioners and city managers meet in Washington, D.C., to organize a campaign for direct federal assistance for the steel industry.

United Airlines will add new daily flights from Youngstown Municipal Airport to Florida cities beginning Oct. 30.

Seventy-two Youngstown city workers fired for striking in violation of the state’s Ferguson Law in January will receive back pay totaling $105,305.

1967: Youngstown will seek a court order to get the city’s police and firemen back to work after Gov. James A. Rhodes refuses to send National Guard troops to the city.

Sharon Steel Corp. announces another major expansion, a $10 million project that will include a 54-inch coil processing line that will be built by McKay Machine Co.

Three armed robbers escape with an undetermined amount from City Loan Co. at 3508 Market Street, the third armed robbery at the office in five years.

1942: Youngstown has a big scrap collection coming up due to alarming reports that steel mills have only a two-week supply. City Engineer Ralph O’Neill will plan it.

Nothing has been done so far to avert a threatened strike of employees at the garbage incinerator over increased wage demands.

Mahoning County residents bought $1.6 million worth of bonds during July, a new record.

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