Today is Sunday, Sept. 3, the 246th day of 2017. There are 119 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1189: England’s King Richard I (the Lion-Hearted) is crowned in Westminster Abbey.
1658: Oliver Cromwell, the Lord Protector of England, dies in London; he is succeeded by his son, Richard.
1783: Representatives of the United States and Britain sign the Treaty of Paris, which officially ends the Revolutionary War.
1868: The Japanese city of Edo is renamed Tokyo.
1914: Cardinal Giacomo Della Chiesa becomes pope; he takes the name Benedict XV.
1923: The United States and Mexico resume diplomatic relations.
1939: Britain, France, Australia and New Zealand declare war on Germany, two days after the Nazi invasion of Poland; in a radio address, Britain’s King George VI said, “With God’s help, we shall prevail.”
1940: Artie Shaw and his Gramercy Five record “Summit Ridge Drive” and “Special Delivery Stomp” for RCA Victor.
1951: The television soap opera “Search for Tomorrow” makes its debut on CBS.
1967: Nguyen Van Thieu is elected president of South Vietnam under a new constitution.
Motorists in Sweden begin driving on the right-hand side of the road instead of the left.
The original version of the TV game show “What’s My Line?,” hosted by John Charles Daly, broadcasts its final episode after more than 17 years on CBS.
1976: America’s Viking 2 lander touches down on Mars to take the first close-up, color photographs of the red planet’s surface.
1989: Cubana de Aviacion jetliner crashes after takeoff in Havana, killing all 126 aboard and 45 people on the ground.
1995: The online auction site eBay is founded in San Jose, Calif., by Pierre Omidyar under the name “AuctionWeb.”
2007: Millionaire adventurer Steve Fossett, 63, goes missing after taking off in a single-engine plane in western Nevada. (The wreckage of the plane and traces of his remains were found more than a year later.)
President George W. Bush, accompanied by Defense Secretary Robert Gates and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, pays a surprise visit to Iraq, where he is briefed by U.S. military commanders and Iraqi leaders.
Panama blasts away part of a hillside next to the canal, marking the start of the waterway’s biggest expansion since it opened in 1914.
2012: President Barack Obama consoles victims of Hurricane Isaac along the Gulf Coast and stokes the enthusiasm of union voters in the industrial heartland, blending a hard political sell with a softer show of sympathy on the eve of the Democratic National Convention.
Prolific character actor Michael Clarke Duncan, 54, dies in Los Angeles.
Sun Myung Moon, 92, a self-proclaimed messiah who founded the Unification Church, dies in Gapeyeong, South Korea.
2016: President Barack Obama and China’s President Xi Jinping seal their nations’ participation in the Paris climate-change agreement during a ceremony on the sidelines of a global economic summit in Hangzhou. .
1992: A regional effort is being launched to return the LPGA tournament that had been sponsored by Phar-Mor to the Mahoning Valley.
The Pennsylvania Department of Commerce approves $9 million in loans for a continuous steel caster at the Sharon Steel Corp.
Public libraries in Mahoning County announce an amnesty period from Sept. 14 through Oct. 17 during which overdue books can be returned without fines.
1977: Mrs. Catherine Swan files suit in Trumbull County Common Pleas Court seeking an injunction against the Warren City School District’s use of the history textbook, “Freedom’s Frontiers.”
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency will file suit against Ohio Edison Co. demanding better pollution controls by 1979 at its plants, including the Youngstown steam plant and generating plants in Niles and East Palestine.
The Lyden Oil Co. purchases 10 Standard Oil Co. of Ohio service stations, including the Sohio-operated station at Lockwood Boulevard and Boardman-Canfield Road.
1967: Capt. James Brahney of Poland is a helicopter pilot for one of the most decorated outfits in Vietnam, the Aerospace Rescue and Recovery Squad.
John Cunningham, a 72-year-old double amputee, is shot to death during a hold up at his little dairy store at 2024 Oak Hill Ave.
The Youngstown Education Association, which represents more than 900 city teachers, demands that the board of education establish a salary schedule with a starting minimum of $6,200 a year.
1942: Youngstown boys and girls took more than 120,000 tin cans to Idora Park during the first two hours of “Tin Can Day” and received more than 40,000 ride tickets.
Edward Zieger, secretary of the Canfield Fair board, says the fair is going on during the war as a morale builder and new American flags will fly from every building. Soldiers are admitted free.
G.M. McKelvey Co. receives a “Minute Man” flag after more than 10 percent of the company’s employees invest at least 10 percent of their pay in war stamps and bonds.