Today is Sunday, Nov. 19, the 323rd day of 2017. There are 42 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1794: The United States and Britain sign Jay’s Treaty, which resolves some issues left over from the Revolutionary War.
1831: The 20th president of the United States, James Garfield, is born in Orange Township, Ohio.
1850: Alfred Tennyson is invested as Britain’s poet laureate.
1863: President Abraham Lincoln dedicates a national cemetery at the site of the Civil War battlefield of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania.
1917: Indira Gandhi, daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru and, like her father, a future prime minister of India, is born in Allahabad.
1924: Movie producer Thomas H. Ince dies after celebrating his 42nd birthday aboard the yacht of newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst. (The exact circumstances of Ince’s death remain a mystery.)
1942: During World War II, Russian forces launch their winter offensive against the Germans along the Don front.
1969: Apollo 12 astronauts Charles Conrad and Alan Bean make the second manned landing on the moon.
1977: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat becomes the first Arab leader to visit Israel.
1985: President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev meet for the first time as they begin their summit in Geneva.
1997: Iowa seamstress Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to the world’s first set of surviving septuplets, four boys and three girls.
2004: In a moment that draws criticism, singer Michael Jackson briefly holds his youngest child, Prince Michael II (known as Blanket), over a fourth-floor balcony rail at a Berlin hotel in front of dozens of fans waiting below. (Jackson said he’d made a “terrible mistake.”)
2007: The FBI reports that hate-crime incidents rose nearly 8 percent in 2006.
President George W. Bush announces that Fran Townsend, the leading White House-based terrorism adviser, is stepping down.
Amazon.com releases its first Kindle e-book reader.
Milo Radulovich, the Air Force Reserve lieutenant championed by CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow when the military threatened to decommission him during the anti-communist crackdown of the 1950s, dies in Vallejo, Calif., at age 81.
Actor Dick Wilson, who played the fussy, mustachioed grocer who told customers, “Please, don’t squeeze the Charmin,” dies in Woodland Hills, Calif., at age 91.
2012: President Barack Obama becomes the first U.S. chief executive to visit Myanmar, where he promises more American help if the Asian nation keeps building its new democracy.
Former U.S. Sen. Warren B. Rudman, R-N.H., who co-authored a ground-breaking budget balancing law, dies in Washington at age 82.
2016: President-election Donald J. Trump meets with 2012 Republican nominee Mitt Romney at Trump’s clubhouse in Bedminster, N.J.; both are positive about their sit-down, a marked shift in tone after a year in which Romney attacked Trump as a “con man” and Trump labeled Romney a “loser.”
The International Space Station gains three new residents, including NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson, who at 56 is the oldest and most experienced woman to orbit the world.
1992: A lawsuit filed by Mahoning County jail inmates raises concerns that a judge could order the early release of prisoners or force the county to spend money to improve jail conditions.
A Campbell City Council meeting devolves into two hours of bickering between council President William Van Such and council members Juanita Rich and Ted Cougras over Mrs. Rich’s earlier comment that she had “put up with” gambling and drug trafficking in the city’s 1st Ward for three years and was tired of it.
Pittsburgh Pirate Barry Bonds has been named 1992 Most Valuable Player in the National League, his second such award in three years.
1977: Two 12-year-old Warren boys, Benjamin Harris and Roger Jordan, are shot and seriously wounded by unknown gunmen in a passing car as they walked near their homes in Palmyra Road.
Gov. James A. Rhodes and Youngstown developer Edward J. DeBartolo meet at the Ramada Inn in Liberty to discuss a package of incentives that could be used to lure the Miller Brewing Co. to the Mahoning Valley.
The Mahoning Valley Economic Development Committee picks the Battelle Memorial Institute, a Columbus think tank with experience in urban planning, to help the committee to rebuild the economy of the Youngstown district.
1967: Lt. Col. Wayne S. Nichols, district engineer for the Army Corps of Engineers in Pittsburgh, suggests that Trumbull County could solve its water-supply problems by tapping Berlin Reservoir.
Youngstown State University’s enrollment for the fall quarter is 13,228, highest ever and 195 over a year earlier.
Roy Rogers Jr. and Linda Yoder of Middlefield are married at First Methodist Church in Middlefield, Ohio. Roy Rogers Sr. and his wife Dale attended.
1942: Encouraged by the success of war chest drives throughout the nation, Youngstown and Mahoning County Community and War Chest campaigns for $305,472, open with a dinner at the YMCA.
Joseph Hill is elected president of the Jewish National Fund Council at a meeting of the organization at the home of Mr. and Mrs. Jack Simon, 1718 Elm St.
Two Michigan police officers charge that Youngs-town police dragged them forcibly from their rooms at the Hotel Pick-Ohio and “bungled” their criminal investigation here.