Today is Wednesday, Aug. 23, the 235th day of 2017. There are 130 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1775: Britain’s King George III proclaims the American colonies to be in a state of “open and avowed rebellion.”
1858: “Ten Nights in a Bar-room,” a play by Timothy Shay Arthur about the perils of alcohol, opens in New York.
1914: Japan declares war against Germany in World War I.
1926: Silent film star Rudolph Valentino dies in New York at age 31.
1927: Amid worldwide protests, Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed in Boston for the murders of two men during a 1920 robbery.
1960: Broadway librettist Oscar Hammerstein II, 65, dies in Doylestown, Pa.
1973:A bank robbery-turned-hostage-taking begin in Stockholm, Sweden. The four hostages end up empathizing with their captors, a psychological condition now referred to as “Stockholm Syndrome.”
1989: In a case that inflames racial tensions in New York, Yusuf Hawkins, a 16-year-old black youth, is shot dead after he and his friends are confronted by a group of white youths in the Bensonhurst section of Brooklyn.
2007: Reality TV star Nicole Richie spends 82 minutes in a Los Angeles County jail to complete a four-day sentence for driving under the influence of drugs.
2012: First lady Michelle Obama consoles relatives of worshippers gunned down at a Sikh temple in suburban Milwaukee.
1992: Bill Clinton, campaigning with his wife, Hillary, and vice presidential candidate Al Gore and his wife, Tipper, tells a huge crowd outside the Southern Park Mall in Boardman, “When I’m elected president, I won’t forget you.”
Tracey Reiser, a blind physical therapy volunteer, is working at St. Elizabeth Hospital Medical Center to fulfill a 200-hour requirement for a degree in physical education at Ohio State University.
1977: Youngstown police are questioning a man about the bludgeoning of James Partlow, 54-year-old employee of the Volunteers of America, whose body was then set afire, apparently in an attempt to conceal his identity.
An eight-month labor dispute in the Trumbull County Sheriff’s Department is resolved when Sheriff Richard A. Jakmas and a union representing 102 deputies reach a verbal agreement.
Lou Blaney continues his streak at the Mercer Raceway, clinching the track title by winning 12 sprint features this season, including five straight.
1967: The Vindicator’s Fred Childress arrives in Da Nang, Vietnam, armed with 97 names of soldiers that were sent to the paper before he left for Vietnam. The first two he tracked down were Sgt. David J. Hancock and Lance Cpl. Robert Delpine. He also met a former Youngstowner, Sgt. John T. Frye.
Mahoning County Board of Elections members must appear in court to show cause why two disqualified political candidates should not have their names on the fall ballot, Anthony DeLuco and John DeMart.
Prosecuting Atty. Clyde W. Osborne is expected to be appointed Common Pleas Court judge and Atty. Frank P. Anzelloti will succeed him due to the death of Judge Erskine Maiden Jr.
1942: Youngstown area housewives, forced to cope with an acute shortage of beef and pork, are turning to poultry and other meats.
The all-out scrap hunting campaign by air-raid wardens in Zone 5 has netted 53 tons, reports Earl Cailor, chief air-raid warden in the zone.
Jacob “Jake” Zeigler of Youngstown enlists in the Navy as a ship’s fitter, petty officer second class, and awaits assignment in New York City.