Today is Thursday, Sept. 8, the 252nd day of 2016. There are 114 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1565: A Spanish expedition establishes the first permanent European settlement in North America at present-day St. Augustine, Fla.
1892: An early version of “The Pledge of Allegiance,” written by Francis Bellamy, appears in “The Youth’s Companion.”
1900: Galveston, Texas, is struck by a hurricane that kills an estimated 8,000 people.
1935: Sen. Huey P. Long, D-La., is shot and mortally wounded inside the Louisiana State Capitol; he died two days later. (The assailant was identified as Dr. Carl Weiss, who was gunned down by Long’s bodyguards.)
1966: The science-fiction series “Star Trek” premieres on NBC; the situation comedy “That Girl,” starring Marlo Thomas, debuts on ABC.
1974: President Gerald R. Ford grants a “full, free, and absolute pardon” to former President Richard Nixon covering his entire term in office.
1986: “The Oprah Winfrey Show” begins the first of 25 seasons in national syndication.
2011: Addressing a joint session of Congress, President Barack Obama challenges a reluctant Congress to urgently pass a larger-than-expected $450 billion jobs plan to “jolt an economy that has stalled.”
1991: The Pennsylvania Game Commission is helping farmers and orchardists to erect electric fences in an effort to keep the growing deer population from damaging crops. Ed Repass at Wolf Creek Orchards in Mercer County, Pa., says hungry deer ate or destroyed about 20 percent of his crop.
Crack babies, who first appeared in the mid-1980s, are reaching school age. Warren schools know of one, and Youngstown schools have two, but both districts suspect that there are more unidentified cases.
Jim Tressel’s Youngstown State University Penguins open their season with a 24-0 victory over Edinboro before 13,756 fans at Stambaugh Stadium.
1976: Dr. Douglas Walsh, Mahoning County health commissioner, says the county will spray for mosquitoes through September to reduce the threat of mosquito-borne St. Louis encephalitis.
A fire at a coal tipple at the Ambrosia Coal & Construction Co. on Route 224 in Hillsville, Pa., keeps 20 firemen busy throughout the day and keeps area residents on an evacuation alert.
At least 100 mothers who receive Aid to Dependent Children payments keep their children out of Youngstown schools on the first day of classes to protest the lack of grants for new clothing by the Mahoning County Welfare Department.
1966: Dr. Harry J. Wanamaker, superintendent of Youngstown City Schools, will present certificates to 45 graduates of the Choffin School of Practical Nursing. It is the school’s 26th annual commencement.
Trumbull County officials choose a 150-acre farm in Bazetta Township near Mosquito Lake Reservoir as the site of the new county fairgrounds.
Cindy Parker, the “Baby Doll of Burlesque,” stars in the burlesque season’s opening show at the Park Theater.
Some 700 students at Canfield’s new high school are sent home on the first day because of rubble and dirt in the classrooms.
1941: Youngstown Building Inspector Paul Boucherle proposes construction of a subway for the Youngstown and Suburban Railroad between Florida Avenue and the southern city limits. The subway could double as an air raid shelter if needed.
Ohio is one of the 16 states in which the birth rate is reported to have fallen below the rate necessary to maintain its population.
Father Edward J. Flanagan. founder of Nebraska’s Boys Town, speaks to a crowd of 5,000 at a Holy Name Society dinner in Sharpsville, Pa.