Today is Saturday, Oct. 1, the 275th day of 2016. There are 91 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1908: Henry Ford introduces his Model T automobile to the market.
1936: Gen. Francisco Franco is proclaimed head of an insurgent Spanish state.
1939: Winston Churchill describes Russia as “a riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma” during a radio address on the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.
1940: The first section of the Pennsylvania Turnpike – described as America’s first superhighway – opens to the public, stretching 160 miles from Carlisle to Irwin.
1957: The motto “In God We Trust” begins appearing on U.S. paper currency.
1962: Johnny Carson debuts as host of NBC’s “Tonight Show,” beginning a nearly 30-year run.
1964: The Free Speech Movement begins at the University of California, Berkeley.
1971: Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, Fla.
1994: National Hockey League team owners begin a 103-day lockout of their players.
2011: More than 700 Occupy Wall Street protesters are arrested after they swarm the Brooklyn Bridge and shut down a lane of traffic for several hours in a tense confrontation with police.
2015: A gunman opens fire at Umpqua Community College in Roseburg, Ore., killing nine people and then himself.
1991: A 17-year-old boy suspected of having a role in the Sept. 2 shooting death of four young men on Youngstown’s East Side is being held in the Martin P. Joyce Juvenile Justice Center.
Don L. Hanni Jr., chairman of the Mahoning County Democratic Party, says he will challenge the Voinovich administration’s removal of Don Hanni III from his job as superintendent of the ODOT garage in Canfield.
1976: Columbiana County Common Pleas Judge J. Warren Bettis fines the East Liverpool Education Association $500 a day and four of its officers $100 per day each for defying his order to negotiate in a meaningful way to end a teachers strike that began Sept. 20.
Youngstown police and firefighters, facing a threat of firing, end their three-day strike, accept a two-year contract that provides 6 percent increases in each year. They had been seeking 6 percent the first year and 8 percent the second.
Writing from aboard Drillship Mission Exploration, The Vindicator’s George R. Reiss describes how drilling for natural gas in the Gulf of Mexico is providing 29.4 billion cubic feet of natural gas to Ohio, Pennsylvania and New York.
1966: Robert Williams, president of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. and Atty. William Vodrey Jr., president of the East Liverpool Historical Society, are among those present for the dedication of a monument on state Route 39 marking the place from which the survey of all U.S. public lands started in August 1785.
Twenty-two Youngstown University students have joined a new voluntary student community organization, Campus Reaching Youngstown (CRY) designed to help handicapped children, under-privileged people and the young needing leadership.
1941: Mahoning County’s fourth case of infantile paralysis results in the Canfield school district being ordered closed by Dr. S. G. Patton, county health commissioner, for two weeks.