Develop plan to combat health issues by early 2017


Staff report

SALEM

Columbiana County health organizations will focus on obesity, mental health and substance abuse, and tobacco use and cancer prevention, which are among the concerns identified by the 2016 Columbiana County Health Needs Assessment or CCHNA.

The findings of the recently released county health needs assessment, a comprehensive report about the health of county residents, will be used to develop a community health plan in 2017, Columbiana County health officials said.

Specific health planning strategies will be developed by collaborating agencies to identify opportunities for implementing evidence-based, community health improvement activities and ways to track progress for improving the overall health of Columbiana County residents.

The CCHNA, a comprehensive report about the health of county residents, was recently released as a tool to help understand and improve the health of the community.

The county health needs assessment is a collaborative project completed by representatives from the Columbiana County Educational Service Center/CASH Coalition, Columbiana County General Health District, Columbiana County Mental Health and Recovery Services Board, Community Action Agency, East Liverpool City Health District, East Liverpool City Hospital, Salem City Health District and Salem Regional Medical Center.

Public health data were gathered for the CCHNA from many sources, including the Healthy Communities Institute, Ohio Department of Health, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Healthy People 2020, County Health Rankings, and a number of other reports and publications.

To reflect input from community members,17 in-depth stakeholder interviews, four focus groups with 49 participants, and 417 surveys that were completed by individuals representing diverse groups, health officials said.

Data from HCI and the Robert Wood Johnson County Health Rankings indicated that regional health outcomes and health behaviors worse than Ohio benchmarks included:

Higher rates of premature death/years of potential life lost before 75.

Higher adult obesity rates combined with lower physical activity rates.

Higher percentage of people who report their physical health as fair or poor.

Lower mammogram screening compliance.

Lower high-school graduation and post-secondary rates.

More children living in poverty.

Higher teen birth rates.

Greater number of deaths due to injury, higher rates of alcohol-impaired driving, and higher indicators of air pollution.

The public health data also reflected increasing rates of chronic diseases when compared to Ohio in several areas – bronchus and lung cancer, colorectal cancer, prostate cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease mortality, and kidney disease mortality.

The Public Health Accreditation Board requires local health departments to complete a Community Health Assessment and Community Health Improvement Plan at least every five years via collaborative community partnerships.

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