Thursday, November 19, 2015
The Food and Drug Administration has approved an easy-to-use version of the life-saving drug that reverses heroin and prescription painkiller overdoses, as communities across the country grapple with a wave of drug abuse.
The reformulated drug, sold as Narcan, comes as a nasal spray and should help first responders, police and others deliver the antidote in emergency situations. Known generically as naloxone, the drug reverses the effects of opioids — drugs that include legal painkillers such as oxycodone and illegal narcotics such as heroin.
Government officials from the White House to the local level have called prescription opioid abuse a “national crisis,” tied to more than 16,000 deaths in 2013. Another 8,000 additional deaths involved heroin, which many addicts switch to after becoming addicted to more-expensive legal drugs.
Increasing access to naloxone has become a key tool in efforts to curb overdoses.
Officials across the country have begun handing out the drug to police, drug users and families of addicts, though the increased demand has driven up prices from the handful of companies that offer naloxone.
The nasal spray from Adapt Pharma has the potential to help lower prices.
The Irish company said it will price Narcan at $37.50 per dose for all government, community and educational organizations, including law enforcement, fire departments and schools. That compares to prices ranging from $75 to $100 for existing injectable versions of the drug, though many buyers negotiate discounts.