Today is Thursday, Sept. 4, the 247th day of 2014. There are 118 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1781:Los Angeles is founded by Spanish settlers under the leadership of Gov. Felipe de Neve.
1886: A group of Apache Indians led by Geronimo (also known as Goyathlay, “One Who Yawns”) surrenders to Gen. Nelson Miles at Skeleton Canyon in Arizona.
1917: The American Expeditionary Forces in France suffer their first fatalities during World War I when a German plane attacks a British-run base hospital.
1944: During World War II, British troops liberate Antwerp, Belgium.
1948: Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands abdicates after nearly six decades of rule for health reasons.
1951: President Harry S. Truman addresses the nation from the Japanese peace treaty conference in San Francisco in the first live, coast-to-coast television broadcast.
1957: Arkansas Gov. Orval Faubus uses Arkansas National Guardsmen to prevent nine black students from entering the all-white Central High School in Little Rock.
1963: A Swissair Caravelle III carrying 80 people crashes shortly after takeoff from Zurich, killing all on board.
1971: An Alaska Airlines jet crashes near Juneau, killing all 111 people on board.
1972: U.S. swimmer Mark Spitz wins a seventh gold medal at the Munich Olympics, in the 400-meter medley relay.
1974: The United States establishes diplomatic relations with East Germany.
1984: Canada’s Progressive Conservatives, led by Brian Mulroney, win a landslide victory in general elections over the Liberal Party of Prime Minister John N. Turner and the New Democrats headed by Ed Broadbent.
1999: Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat sign a breakthrough land-for-security agreement during a ceremony in Sharm El-Sheikh, Egypt.
Martin Frankel, a Connecticut money manager accused of cheating insurance companies in five states out of more than $200 million, is arrested in Germany. (Frankel was later sentenced to nearly 17 years in a federal prison.)
2004: A shaken President Vladimir Putin makes a rare and candid admission of Russian weakness after more than 330 people were killed in a hostage-taking at a southern school.
Hurricane Frances snaps trees, tears apart houses and floods neighborhoods as it churns through the Bahamas.
2009: A German army colonel calls in a U.S. airstrike on a pair of hijacked tanker trucks in northern Afghanistan, resulting in civilian casualties. (German officials said up to 142 people were believed to have died or been injured; Afghan leaders estimated 30 to 40 civilians were killed.)
Defense Secretary Robert Gates expresses disappointment at news outlets that had used a picture taken and distributed by The Associated Press depicting a U.S. Marine, Lance Cpl. Joshua “Bernie” Bernard, mortally wounded in combat in Afghanistan on August 14, 2009.
2013: Responding to President Barack Obama’s request, a sharply divided Senate Foreign Relations Committee votes 10-7 to authorize the “limited and specified use” of U.S. armed forces against Syria.
1989: Mahoning County commissioners are circulating among county officeholders and department heads their recommendation to cut lump- sum severance and retirement payments, but county Engineer William Fergus is demanding that one of his retirees be paid 100 percent of his accumulated vacation and sick time.
In a Labor Day interview, Martin J. O’Connell, president of the Greater Youngstown Area AFL-CIO Council, says if unions were abolished, the nation would revert to the 1930s.
The Youngstown Slovak Catholic Sokol Group 17 wins the 34th International Gymnastics, Track and Field title in Toronto.
1974: Noncertificated employees at both Girard City Schools and the Fairhaven School for Mentally Retarded strike, delaying the opening of both schools.
Canfield City Council passes a resolution to place recall petitions on the fall ballot for Mayor Jack Eversman, Council President Ridge Shannon and Councilman Edward Ort.
WRTA says exact change will be required on all buses, which will have locked fare boxes. Passengers without exact change will be given a refund slip that can be presented at the WRTA offices on Mahoning Avenue.
1964: The Youngstown Transit Co. adds a new economy ticket, offering 10 rides for $3.10.
Carl V. Weygandt of Lakewood, former chief justice of the Ohio Supreme Court, dies in his sleep during a visit to the A.V. Baker home in Kinsman, Trumbull County. Weygandt was 76.
Steel production in the Youngstown district holds at 81 percent, with 33 open hearths and nine blast furnaces in operation. The mills are experiencing a shortage of freight cars to handle their products.
1939: Eighteen hours after Britain and France declare war on Germany, the British passenger liner Athenia is torpedoed in the Atlantic Ocean. Among the 246 Americans on board are Jessie Sutherland of Youngstown and Dr. and Mrs. Rudolph Holzbach of Salem.
James D. Stambaugh, 28, is named chief announcer at Youngstown’s new radio station, WFMJ.
Dan Opritza Jr. of Youngstown is elected president of the OCTRA Roumanian Young People’s Society.