Today is Monday, Sept. 1, the 244th day of 2014. There are 121 days left in the year. This is Labor Day.
On this date in:
1159: Pope Adrian IV, the only English pope, dies.
1807: Former Vice President Aaron Burr is found not guilty of treason. (Burr was then tried on a misdemeanor charge, but was again acquitted.)
1894: The Great Hinckley Fire destroys Hinckley, Minn., and five other communities, killing more than 400 people.
1914: The last passenger pigeon in captivity, “Martha,” dies at the Cincinnati Zoo.
1923: The Japanese cities of Tokyo and Yokohama are devastated by an earthquake that claims some 140,000 lives.
1932: New York City Mayor James J. “Gentleman Jimmy” Walker resigns following charges of graft and corruption in his administration.
1939: World War II begins as Nazi Germany invades Poland.
1942: U.S. District Court Judge Martin I. Welsh, ruling from Sacramento, Calif., upholds the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans and Japanese nationals.
1951: The United States, Australia and New Zealand sign a mutual defense pact, the ANZUS treaty.
1969: A coup in Libya brings Moammar Gadhafi to power.
1976: U.S. Rep. Wayne L. Hays, D-Ohio, resigns in the wake of a scandal in which he admits having an affair with “secretary” Elizabeth Ray.
1983: Some 269 people are killed when a Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 is shot down by a Soviet jet fighter after the airliner entered Soviet airspace.
1989: Baseball Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti dies of a heart attack at his summer home in Martha’s Vineyard, Mass., at age 51.
2004: More than 1,000 people are taken hostage by heavily armed Chechen militants at a school in Beslan in southern Russia; more than 330 people, more than half of them children, are killed in the three-day ordeal.
2009: Vermont’s law allowing same-sex marriage goes into effect
2013: Syria derides President Barack Obama’s decision to hold off on punitive military strikes, while the Obama administration counters that its case for military action against the regime of President Bashar Assad is getting stronger, saying it had evidence that the nerve agent sarin was used in a deadly August attack.
Poland holds ceremonies marking the 70th anniversary of the start of World War II.
Death claims award-winning conductor Erich Kunzel at age 74 and Wycliffe Johnson, a major figure in Jamaican music, at age 47.
1989: A contingent of 23 visitors from Pakistan, Korea, India, Jordan Malawi, Gambia, Ghana, Nigeria and Egypt tour the Canfield Fair as guests of the Mahoning County Extension Service.
Warren Consolidated Industries, the former Warren Works of LTV Steel Co., marks its first year of operation since being bought by Renco Group Inc. in a $140 million buyout that was described by Industry Week as one of 10 “gutsy decisions of 1988.”
Salem Parks Director Robert Zeck says skateboard riders who are using part of a parking lot in Centennial Park will be given a permanent place to ride if they continue to behave.
1974: Mahoning Valley Industrialist R.T. Beeghly, president of Metal Carbides Corp., returns from a business trip to Europe with a prediction that Youngstown-made industrial products will play an increasingly important role in creating a better life for other countries.
Mahoning County government will get nearly $1.5 million, and the city of Youngstown $1.2 million in local government funds from the state, leaving about $300,000 to be divided among the other 25 taxing districts in the county.
Levi B. Hollis Jr., coordinator of the Warren City School District’s FOCUS Center, is awarded his doctorate in education from Kent State University.
1964: Several Youngs-town projects are included in the $4.4 billion public works bill signed by President Lyndon Johnson, including $11.3 million for the Shenango River dam in Sharpsville, Pa., and $4.4 million for the West Branch Reservoir on the Mahoning River.
Dr. Thomas A. Minahan Jr., Trumbull County health commissioner, reports four mild cases of encephalitis or sleeping sickness in Liberty Township.
The National Labor Relations Board asks the U.S. District Court in Cleveland to restrain the American Newspaper Guild from conducting picketing or other activities intended to discourage people from doing business with The Vindicator.
1939: Canfield’s 93rd annual fair opens with Youth Day and a prediction by fair president Fay Heintzelman that good weather will produce record crowds this year.
The Grand Army of the Republic of Pennsylvania, meeting in Pittsburgh, calls for a ban on the showing of “Gone With the Wind” in Pennsylvania saying it “depicts the Union soldier as a hideous marauder, attacking women.”
A buffet supper and dancing to the music of Carl “Deacon” Moore on Labor Day ends a three-day holiday weekend celebration at the Youngstown Country Club.