Today is Friday, May 16, the 136th day of 2014. There are 229 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1763: The English lexicographer, author and wit Samuel Johnson first meets his future biographer, James Boswell.
1770: Marie Antoinette, age 14, marries the future King Louis XVI of France, who is 15.
1868: The U.S. Senate fails by one vote to convict President Andrew Johnson as it takes its first ballot on the 11 articles of impeachment against him.
1920: Joan of Arc is canonized by Pope Benedict XV.
1929: The first Academy Awards are presented. “Wings” wins “best production,” while Emil Jannings and Janet Gaynor are named best actor and best actress.
1939: The federal government begins its first food-stamp program in Rochester, N.Y.
1943: The nearly month-long Warsaw Ghetto Uprising ends as German forces crush the Jewish resistance and blow up the Great Synagogue.
1948: CBS News correspondent George Polk, who has been covering the Greek civil war between communist and nationalist forces, is found slain in Salonika Harbor.
1963: Associated Press correspondent William N. Oatis is released by communist authorities in Czechoslovakia, where he had been imprisoned for two years after being forced to confess to espionage while working as the AP’s Prague bureau chief.
1961: Park Chung-hee seizes power in South Korea in a military coup.
1974: Former U.S. Attorney General Richard G. Kleindienst pleads guilty to failing to testify fully at his Senate confirmation hearing about an investigation of International Telephone & Telegraph Corp.; he is fined $100 and given a suspended 30-day sentence.
1984: Comedian Andy Kaufman dies in Los Angeles at age 35.
1989: During his visit to Beijing, Soviet President Mikhail S. Gorbachev meets with Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, formally ending a 30-year rift between the two Communist powers.
2004: The Bush administration announces a new initiative to speed up the approval process for new combination AIDS drugs designed to bring cheap, easy-to-use treatment to millions of people in Africa and the Caribbean.
2009: The ruling Congress party sweeps to a resounding victory in India’s huge national elections.
1989: The Mill Creek Metropolitan Park District may assume control of the Mahoning County Experimental Farm and build an educational center there.
Youngstown city officials say the North Side Pool will be open with tightened security to banish troublemakers and to convince residents that the pool is a safe place.
Canfield residents express concern over plans to widen U.S. Route 224, saying it endangers the historic character of Main Street.
1974: Teachers at the Brookfield Local School District strike after rejecting the school board’s offer of a $750 across- the-board increase. The Brookfield Federation of Teachers is seeking a $1,100 increase in the base salary of $7,000.
Struthers patrolmen Larry Edwards, Dean Phillips and Donald Clement interrupt a robbery at the Friendly Tavern and rescue owner Paul DeLost, who was being held by one robber with a gun aimed at his head. The robber dropped the gun when confronted by police.
Students in the top 1 percent of Youngstown State University’s six schools and colleges are honored at the 15th annual Honors Convocation at Kilcawley Center. Evelyn Kun of Youngstown and Peter Joy of Girard are honored as best all-around students.
1964: Vandals enter the Modern Builders Supply Inc. at 810-16 Andrews Ave., damage office equipment and set fire to the two-story building, causing $2,000 in damage.
About 400 members of the 3,000-member Carpenters District Council enter the second week of their strike against the Builders Association of the Mahoning Valley. Most of the carpenters are continuing to work under contracts reached with 100 independent contractors.
Youngstown Mayor Anthony B. Flask asks United Air Lines to improve its air service at the Youngstown Municipal Airport, particularly to Detroit and Washington.
1939: A jury of 10 men and two women is seated in the trial of Norman W. Smith, accused of killing three people in North Lima. The jurors are Mary Bennington, Harry Burt Haas, Arala Eastman, Michael Kohl, Howard C. Dunkle, Joseph Simons, James F. Carroll, Gordon R. Howard, Beulah Paden, Randall Williams, Harry A. Hutchinson, Marshal Brose and Carl B. Quinn.
The Ohio Senate’s commerce and labor committee kills a bill passed by the House prohibiting women from mixing or pouring drinks behind bars or doing other work customarily done by bartenders.
The Limoges China Co. at Sebring is completely closed with 725 union employees walking out in protest against the hiring of a member of the technical staff from a non-union shop in Mount Clemens, Mich.