Today is Friday, March 14, the 73rd day of 2014. There are 292 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1743: A memorial service is held at Faneuil Hall in Boston honoring Peter Faneuil, who had donated the building bearing his name.
1794: Eli Whitney receives a patent for his cotton gin, an invention that revolutionizes America’s cotton industry.
1885: The Gilbert and Sullivan comic opera “The Mikado” premieres at the Savoy Theatre in London.
1900: Congress ratifies the Gold Standard Act.
1923: President Warren G. Harding becomes the first chief executive to file an income tax return, paying a tax of $17,990 on his $75,000 salary.
1939: The republic of Czechoslovakia is dissolved, opening the way for Nazi occupation of Czech areas and the separation of Slovakia.
1951: During the Korean War, United Nations forces recapture Seoul.
1962: Democrat Edward M. Kennedy officially launches in Boston his successful candidacy for the U.S. Senate seat from Massachusetts once held by his brother, President John F. Kennedy. (Edward Kennedy served in the Senate for nearly 47 years.)
1964: A jury in Dallas finds Jack Ruby guilty of murdering Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy, and sentences him to death. (Both the conviction and death sentence were later overturned, but Ruby died before he could be retried.)
1967: The body of President John F. Kennedy is moved from a temporary grave to a permanent memorial site at Arlington National Cemetery.
1980: A LOT Polish Airlines jet crashes while attempting to land in Warsaw, killing all 87 people aboard, including 22 members of a U.S. amateur boxing team.
1990: The Soviet Congress of People’s Deputies has a secret ballot that elects Mikhail S. Gorbachev to a new, powerful presidency.
1991: A British court overturns the convictions of the “Birmingham Six,” who had spent 16 years in prison for a 1974 Irish Republican Army bombing, and orders them released.
2004: Opposition Socialists score a dramatic upset win in Spain’s general election, unseating conservatives stung by charges they’d provoked the Madrid terror bombings that killed 191 people by supporting the U.S.-led war in Iraq.
Russian President Vladimir Putin wins a second term.
2009: President Barack Obama meets at the White House with Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva; afterward, Obama downplays divisions between the U.S. and Europe over how to tackle the world’s financial crisis.
1989: A Japanese steelmaker’s investment in CSC Industries Inc. and a capital spending program announced by the Warren company indicate CSC is serious about staying in the troubled steel bar industry for the long term, company executives and analysts say.
U.S. Sen. Edward M. Kennedy tells the Ohio Museums Association conference at the Butler Institute of American Art that the federal government has a responsibility “to encourage the arts, to provide a climate in America that will enable creative men and women to pursue careers in the arts.”
Warren Harding High’s Ian Folmer and Howland High’s Kim Lazor are named the top boy and girl basketball players in Trumbull County by the Trumbull County Coaches Association.
1974: Michael Tarkanish, 86, of 211 Belle Vista Ave., is in good condition after being rescued by Fire Capt. Dean Mayore and Firemen Ray McKeown and Harvey Dunn from a fire at his home.
A 36-year-old man is killed on Lyntz-Townline Road when he stepped on a high-voltage line that was downed when his car went out of control and struck two utility poles.
A nervous gunman who accidentally fired a shot into the floor of his kidnap victim’s car escapes with $847 from the Valu King store on Boardman-Canfield Road. The store manager, David L. Schultz, was released unharmed.
1964: Catherine Capp, 70, of 131 Millet Road is rescued by an Ohio Bell Telephone Co. repairman and neighbors after being overcome by gas. The repairman was responding to a complaint by a neighbor who was on a party-line with Mrs. Capp, who had knocked her phone off the receiver, disabling both phones.
The board of Epworth Methodist Church approves a merger with Indianola Methodist Church. The merger had already been approved by Indianola.
Albee Homes Inc. of Niles reports earnings of $465,859 on sales totaling $9.1 million in 1963.
1939: A jury of eight men and four women is sworn in for the trial of Angeline Maravola, 22-year-old Hillsville girl accused of the “love-slaying” of Michael Rich Jr., son of her employer.
Attorneys representing the Pennsylvania Railroad and, presumably, acting for all other railroads opposed to Lake Erie-Ohio River canal ask Joseph B. Mansfield, chairman of the House rivers and harbors committee, to call a hearing at which opposition to the project can be voiced.
Opinion among Mahoning Valley Slovak people is divided regarding Hitler’s split of Czecho-Slovakia and the establishment of a Slovakian republic under President Joseph Tiso.