Today is Wednesday, March 12, the 71st day of 2014. There are 294 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1864: Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant assumes command as General-in-Chief of the Union armies in the Civil War.
1912: The Girl Scouts of the USA has its beginnings as Juliette Gordon Low of Savannah, Ga., founds the first American troop of the Girl Guides.
1914: American inventor George Westinghouse dies in New York at age 67.
1933: President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers the first of his 30 radio addresses that come to be known as “fireside chats,” telling Americans what was being done to deal with the nation’s economic crisis.
1934: A 6.6-magnitude earthquake shakes much of northern Utah along with parts of Idaho, Montana, Nevada and Wyoming.
1938: The Anschluss merging of Austria with Nazi Germany takes place as German forces cross the border between the two countries.
1951: “Dennis the Menace,” created by cartoonist Hank Ketcham, makes its syndicated debut in 16 newspapers.
1989: Pistols are winning the battle with revolvers among Youngstown area police departments, with 20 of 36 departments switching from revolvers to .45-caliber or 9-mm semiautomatic pistols.
Woodside Receiving Hospital is told by the Ohio Department of Mental Health that $120,000 that had been set aside for contingencies must be returned to the state.
Three escapees from the Lawrence County Jail are captured within 90 minutes of their escape in a wooded section of New Castle, but two others, including one described as “very dangerous” remain at large.
1974: Production resumes at the Fisher Body plant at Lordstown after United Auto Workers members end a short strike, but say the threat of another mini-strike remains.
A “gasoline protest” by West Virginia coal miners affects U.S. Steel Corp.’s Ohio Works, where one blast furnace was banked because of a coal shortage, bringing the layoff of 300 workers.
The Youngstown Branch of the NAACP, aided by the national organization, will pursue court action to force the school board to desegregate city schools.
1964: A car bearing two teenagers speeds out of control and crashes into a house, causing $2,000 in damage in Route 626 a half mile southeast of Woodworth Center.
Seven people, including Youngstown racketeer Joseph “Fats” Aeillo, are being sought in connection with an abortion ring operating in a Cleveland suburb.
Five Youngstown University coeds vie for queen of the ROTC Military Ball at Stambaugh Auditorium: Ruth Yozwiak, Karen Bobby, Janet Chismar, Jean Kulcheski, Judith Helsel.
1939: While reporting a net loss of $658,933, H.G. Dalton, chairman, and Frank Purnell, president, of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co., predict trade will increase in 1939.
John Galida, acting Campbell postmaster, is recommended by the Mahoning County Democratic executive committee for permanent postmaster.
University of Pittsburgh students demonstrate in classrooms in the Cathedral of Learning and march through the city to protest the firing of Pitt football coach Jock Sutherland.