Today is Monday, March 10, the 69th day of 2014. There are 296 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1785: Thomas Jefferson is appointed America’s minister to France, succeeding Benjamin Franklin.
1814: The two-day Battle of Laon in France ends with a Prussian-led victory over the forces of Napoleon I.
1864: President Abraham Lincoln signs an order assigning Ulysses S. Grant, who had just received his commission as lieutenant-general, to the command of the Armies of the United States (Grant assumes his new command two days later, relieving General-in-Chief Henry Halleck).
1876: Alexander Graham Bell’s assistant, Thomas Watson, hears Bell say over his experimental telephone: “Mr. Watson — come here — I want to see you.”
1914: The Rokeby Venus, a 17th-century painting by Diego Velazquez on display at the National Gallery in London, is slashed multiple times by Mary Richardson, who was protesting the arrest of fellow suffragist Emmeline Pankhurst. (The painting was repaired.)
1933: A magnitude 6.4 earthquake centered off Long Beach, Calif., results in 120 deaths.
1949: Nazi wartime broadcaster Mildred E. Gillars, also known as “Axis Sally,” is convicted in Washington, D.C., of treason. (She serves 12 years in prison.)
1959: The Tennessee Williams play “Sweet Bird of Youth,” starring Paul Newman and Geraldine Page, opens at Broadway’s Martin Beck Theatre.
1969: James Earl Ray pleads guilty in Memphis, Tenn., to assassinating civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. (Ray later repudiates that plea, maintaining his innocence until his death.)
1989: Joe Clark, the controversial New Jersey high school principal whose career is the subject of the movie “Lean on Me,” speaks at Slippery Rock University and blames “liberal icons” for engendering black failure by holding blacks to a lesser standard than whites.
Despite an extensive promotional campaign aimed at boosting a declining enrollment, Villa Maria High School will close its doors at the end of the school year.
Trumbull County Common Pleas Judge W. Wyatt McKay sentences Andre Williams to death for the murder of George Melnick of Warren. Melnick’s widow, Katherine, 65, who survived a vicious attack by Williams, said she’d be able to pull the switch on the electric chair herself because of what he did to her husband.
1974: U.S. Sen. Howard Metzenbaum, D-Ohio, tells 700 people attending a $50-per-plate fundraiser at the Maronite Center that the United States needs a plan to combat inflation and unemployment.
Elizabeth Lewis, a 1972 graduate of Youngstown State University, is teaching 13 students in a one-room school house in near Tuscarora, Nev.
The Youngstown Urban League and other interested citizens urge Mayor Jack C. Hunter to create a temporary Police-Community Relations Investigatory Commission to probe Youngstown police procedures and behavior.
1964: Youngstown Research and Development Co. has completed successfully tests of its experimental Taylor cold rolling mill, expected by many to replace the Steckel cold rolling mills that originated in Youngstown and virtually revolutionized the steel industry 30 years ago.
Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. takes off two more open-hearth furnaces, reducing the Youngstown district operating rate to about 60 percent with nine blast furnaces, l31 open hearts, 10 electric furnaces, one basic oxygen converter and one Bessemer plant in operation.
1939: Youngstown City Council gives unanimous approval to issuing $350,000 in bonds as the city’s share of the $2.8 million airport.
Declaring that “Hitler will shortly realize that the umbrella is mightier than the sword,” Col. W. Stewart-Roddie of London, England, tells about 300 business and industrial leaders at the Youngstown Chamber of Commerce forum that “there will be no war in Europe.”
Powerful support for the Lake Erie-Ohio River waterway is seen in Washington in a statement by Congressman John E. Rankin of Mississippi, one of the ranking Democratic members of the rivers and harbors committee.