Today is Sunday, March 2, the 61st day of 2014. There are 304 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1793: The first president of the Republic of Texas, Sam Houston, is born near Lexington, Va.
1836: The Republic of Texas formally declares its independence from Mexico.
1861: The state of Texas, having seceded from the Union, is admitted to the Confederacy.
1877: Republican Rutherford B. Hayes is declared the winner of the 1876 presidential election over Democrat Samuel J. Tilden, even though Tilden had won the popular vote.
1917: Puerto Ricans are granted U.S. citizenship as President Woodrow Wilson signs the Jones-Shafroth Act.
1939: Roman Catholic Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli is elected pope on his 63rd birthday; he takes the name Pius XII.
1942: The original Stage Door Canteen, a wartime club for U.S. servicemen, officially opens in New York’s Broadway theater district.
1944: “Casablanca” wins best picture, best director and best screenplay at the Academy Awards ceremony in Los Angeles. Jennifer Jones (whose 25th birthday it was) receives the best actress award for “The Song of Bernadette” while Paul Lukas wins best actor for “Watch on the Rhine.”
1951: The East beats the West, 111-94, in the first NBA All-Star Game at Boston Garden.
1962: Wilt Chamberlain scores 100 points for the Philadelphia Warriors in a game against the New York Knicks, an NBA record that still stands. (Philadelphia won, 169-147.)
1972: The United States launches the Pioneer 10 space probe, which flies past Jupiter in late 1973, sending back images and scientific data.
1989: Representatives from the 12 European Community nations agree to ban all production of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons) by the end of the 20th century.
2004: A series of coordinated blasts in Iraq kills 181 people at shrines in Karbala and Baghdad as thousands of Shiite Muslim pilgrims gathered for a religious festival.
John Kerry wins the Democratic presidential nomination after his victories in Super Tuesday contests.
Former WorldCom CEO Bernard Ebbers is charged with falsifying the books at the long-distance company; his chief financial officer, Scott Sullivan, pleads guilty to fraud and agrees to testify against him. (Ebbers was later convicted of conspiracy and fraud and is serving a 25-year federal prison sentence; Sullivan was released from prison in 2009 after serving four years of a five-year sentence.)
Marge Schott, the controversial former owner of the Cincinnati Reds, dies at age 75.
Academy Award-winning actress Mercedes McCambridge dies in La Jolla, Calif., at age 87.
2009: President Barack Obama introduces Kansas Gov. Kathleen Sebelius as his choice to be secretary of health and human services.
Soldiers assassinate the president of Guinea- Bissau, Joao Bernardo “Nino” Vieira.
2013: The day after $85 billion in across-the-board federal spending cuts go into effect, President Barack Obama and congressional Republicans refuse to concede any culpability for failing to stave off the sequester.
Alaska’s 41st Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race be- gins with a festive ceremonial start in Anchorage.
1989: Nick G. Macris, superintendent of Howland Local Schools, announces his intention to resign.
Gov. Richard Celeste and Senate Minority Leader Harry Meshel clash over the Democratic governor’s call for higher cigarette, alcohol and income taxes.
National Rifle Association members picket Youngstown City Hall to protest the drafting of an ordinance that would ban certain semiautomatic weapons. George Norton of Austintown, a field service representative for the NRA, says any firearms ban would violate the Second Amendment.
1974: Only $13,075 of the $34,350 ordered in contempt of court fines stemming from a Youngstown school strike has been paid to the Mahoning County clerk’s office. Common Pleas Judge Clyde W. Osborne, who has been ill, says he may give unions a two-week extension, but will demand payment.
Trumbull County Sheriff’s deputies are holding one man and seeking two others for questioning in the disappearance of Michael Beach, 33, of North Madison, who was last seen being given a beating outside the Corner Bar on Youngstown-Hubbard Road.
Nine Youngstown post offices run out of 2-cent stamps as area residents prepare for an increase in first-class postage from 8 cents to 10 cents.
1964: The American Legion’s five-county Northeastern Ohio District of Mahoning, Trumbull, Ashtabula, Lake and Geauga counties slips in membership from 6,200 to 5,500 in a year, according to figures compiled for the state executive committee meeting in Columbus.
Struthers Racketeer Charles Carabbia, 39, faces a charge of assault with intent to kill after being arrested for pistol whipping a young Boardman woman in front of her Mathews Road home.
Advertisement: Brand new 1964 Plymouth Vaiant, $1,795 at Al Wagner Motor Sales Inc., 3121 Market St.
1939: Warren City Council votes 7 to 2 to oust Barney J. Gillen, 67, police chief for 22 years and a member of the police force for 33 years, by adopting a compulsory retirement age of 60 for police and firemen.
Gen. Edward Markham, retired chief of Army engineers, says in Washington, D.C., that “the Lake Erie-Ohio River canal is one of the most worthy inland waterway projects in the country.”