Today is Friday, June 20, the 171st day of 2014. There are 194 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1782: Congress approves the Great Seal of the United States, featuring the emblem of the bald eagle.
1837: Queen Victoria accedes to the British throne after the death of her uncle, King William IV.
1863: West Virginia becomes the 35th state.
1893: A jury in New Bedford, Mass., finds Lizzie Borden not guilty of the ax murders of her father and stepmother.
1921: U.S. Rep. Alice Mary Robertson, R- Okla., becomes the first woman to preside over a session of the House of Representatives.
1943: Race-related rioting erupts in Detroit; federal troops are sent in two days later to quell the violence that results in more than 30 deaths.
1944: During World War II, Japanese naval forces retreat in the Battle of the Philippine Sea after suffering heavy losses to the American fleet.
1947: Benjamin “Bugsy” Siegel is shot dead at the Beverly Hills, Calif., mansion of his girlfriend, Virginia Hill, apparently at the order of mob associates.
1967: Boxer Muhammad Ali is convicted in Houston of violating Selective Service laws by refusing to be drafted. (Ali’s conviction was ultimately overturned by the Supreme Court.)
1974: The film noir “Chinatown,” starring Jack Nicholson and Faye Dunaway, is released by Paramount Pictures.
1979: ABC News correspondent Bill Stewart is shot to death in Managua, Nicaragua, by a member of the national guard of President Anastasio Somoza.
1994: O.J. Simpson pleads not guilty in Los Angeles to the killings of his ex-wife, Nicole, and her friend, Ronald Goldman.
2013: In a telephone interview with The Associated Press, the Taliban propose a deal in which they would free U.S. Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl, held since 2009, in exchange for five of their most senior operatives at Guantanamo Bay. (Bergdahl was handed over May 31, 2014.)
1989: Sen. Nancy Landon Kassebaum, R.-Kansas, daughter of the late Alf Landon, is the keynote speaker at ceremonies in West Middlesex, Pa., for Alf Landon Day, honoring the former governor of Kansas and presidential candidate, who was born in West Middlesex on Sept. 9, 1887.
The U.S. EPA says Ohio leads the nation in the release of toxic chemicals from factories into the atmosphere. National Refractories in Columbiana reported the nation’s 12th largest release of chromium into the air, making it the only Mahoning Valley plant to make a “top 20” list.
Mahoning County will launch a program to confine criminals to their homes, rather than jail, using Community Corrections Association Inc. to monitor their confinement.
1974: Leonard Kirtz of 221 Gypsy Lane, president of the Ohio Association for Retarded Children, will speak at the opening ceremonies of the Sixth annual Ohio Special Olympics at Ohio State University.
A Liberty Township couple, Jack Malkin and Steffi Newman, are robbed by four men as they sat in their car watching a movie at the North Side Drive-In Theater on Belmont Avenue. The robbers jumped into a car and fled after taking two bathing suits, a towel and a purse containing $1.
Dr. Bernard T. Dusza of Warren is installed as president of the Corydon Palmer Dental Society.
1964: A thunderstorm with high winds, heavy rain and hail pounds the Youngstown district, knocking out power to Woodside Receiving Hospital for 12 hours.
An anonymous gift of $25,000 is received by the Youngstown YMCA for improvements at Camp Fitch, which is observing its 50th anniversary.
Jo Ann Lanier of 740 Norwood Ave., is chosen by the United Presbyterian Women to be the soloist at the five-day national meeting of 5,000 Presbyterian women at Purdue University
1939: Republic Steel Corp. announces that it will build a Fretz-Moon continuous gas butt-weld furnace at its Youngstown plant.
Harding Park at Hubbard, on which $30,000 to $40,000 was spent by the CWA for improvements, is sold to the Hubbard Banking Co. for $2,800 at a sheriff’s sale. The bank bought the 37-acre site to protect its $9,354 judgment against the estate of Jacob Kalver.
U.S. Rep. Michael J. Kirwan tells 206 new citizens at a ceremony at Harding High School in Warren that “a man who thinks of himself as belonging to a particular nationality group here in America has not become a true American.”