Today is Thursday, July 31, the 212th day of 2014. There are 153 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1777: The Marquis de Lafayette, a 19-year-old French nobleman, is made a major-general in the American Continental Army.
1919: Germany’s Weimar Constitution is adopted by the republic’s National Assembly.
1930: The radio character “The Shadow” makes his debut as narrator of the “Detective Story Hour” on CBS Radio.
1933: The radio series “Jack Armstrong, the All-American Boy,” makes its debut on CBS radio station WBBM in Chicago.
1942: Oxfam International has its beginnings as the Oxford Committee for Famine Relief as it is founded in England.
1954: Pakistan’s K2 is conquered as two members of an Italian expedition, Achille Compagnoni and Lino Lacedelli, reach the summit.
1964:Country singer-songwriter Jim Reeves, 40, and his manager, Dean Manuel, are killed when their private plane crashes in bad weather near Nashville.
1964: The American space probe Ranger 7 reaches the moon, transmitting pictures back to Earth before impacting the lunar surface.
1989: City of Warren Law Director William P. McLain swears in 11 new city police officers: Janice Dascoulias, Frank Dascoulias, Andre M. Leon, Jeffrey Hoolihan, Charles List Jr., John Delbene III, Dewey Gray II, Daniel Hudak, Gary Riggins, Reuben Shaw and John Silvis.
Residents of the East Side accuse city mowing crews of carelessly damaging or toppling 15 to 20 gravestones and scarring the earth with huge tractor tires at Mount Hope Cemetery.
Congressman James A. Traficant Jr. calls on the Youngstown Board of Education to give up those parts of Boardman and Coitsville townships that are in the Youngstown School District.
1974: The assistant manager of the Lincoln Knolls Sparkle Market at 2998 McCartney Road is robbed of $10,000 minutes after he left the Dollar Saving & Trust Co. branch at the plaza.
Six Youngstown residents file suit to block the Youngstown Board of Education from putting into operation a racial balance policy that would allow any public school pupil to request a transfer to any other school in the city.
Anthony A. Forde and Andrew A. Forde, sons of Mr. and Mrs. Frank Forde of Girard, earn doctor of dental science degrees from Case Western Reserve University Dental School one year apart.
1964: The Chevrolet Division of General Motors announces it has reached a preliminary agreement with the city of Warren to provide water service to its plant that will be built in Lordstown.
Emil Grodecky, 77, of 23 N. Meridian Road, dies in South Side Hospital after being struck by a car as he was crossing N. Meridian Road.
Borts swimming pool is closed when pool officials find an unusually high bacteriological count attributed to a 12-day heat wave that increased water temperatures by 10 degrees.
1939: Youngstown College opens its ticket drive for the college’s second season of football, which will include six home games at South High and Rayen School.
Five thousand Italians from western Pennsylvania and Northeastern Ohio attend the Pacentrano reunion at Holy Trinity Church in Struthers.