Today is Wednesday, July 30, the 211th day of 2014. There are 154 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1729: Baltimore, Md., is founded.
1864: During the Civil War, Union forces try to take Petersburg, Va., by exploding a gunpowder-laden mine shaft that had been dug out beneath Confederate defense lines; the attack fails.
1918: Poet Joyce Kilmer, a sergeant in the 165th U.S. Infantry Regiment, is killed during the Second Battle of the Marne in World War I. (Kilmer is perhaps best remembered for his poem “Trees.”)
1932: The Summer Olympic Games open in Los Angeles.
1942: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill creating a women’s auxiliary agency in the Navy known as “Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service” — WAVES for short.
1945: The Portland class heavy cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed by a Japanese submarine during World War II; only 316 out of some 1,200 men survive.
1953: The Small Business Administration is founded.
1956: President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a measure making “In God We Trust” the national motto, replacing “E Pluribus Unum” (“Out of many, one”).
1963: The Soviet Union announces it has granted political asylum to Harold “Kim” Philby, the “third man” of a British spy ring.
1965: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law the Medicare bill, which goes into effect the following year.
1975: Former Teamsters union president Jimmy Hoffa disappears in suburban Detroit. (Although presumed dead, his remains have never been found.)
1980: Israel’s Knesset passes a law reaffirming all of Jerusalem as the capital of the Jewish state.
1990: British Conservative Party lawmaker Ian Gow is killed in a bombing claimed by the Irish Republican Army.
1989: David E. Ousley, 24, of Sharon, Pa., is sentenced to life in prison in Mercer Common Pleas Court for the rape, beating and strangulation of 18-year-old Camille Brookins.
Several hundred people gather on Federal Plaza in downtown Youngstown to dedicate a monument honoring Vietnam veterans and the 103 Mahoning County men who never returned from the war.
Warren police have been cracking down on prostitution in the city, making 14 arrests for prostitution in the first half of the year, three times as many as were made in all of 1988.
1974: Youngstown city officials go to Columbus seeking a postponement or cancellation of a state order to breach Lake Milton dam by Sept. 30 if it cannot be rehabilitated by that date.
The decomposed body of Michael Beach 30, of North Madison, formerly of Hubbard, is found in McKelvey Lake where it had been reportedly dumped in February after Beach was attacked and beaten outside a Hubbard Township tavern.
Hubbard City Council votes unanimously to increase the city income tax from a half percent to a full percent.
1964: A Boardman physician-volunteer fireman, Dr. Robert W. Parry, hurrying to answer a false emergency call, collides with another car at Route 224 and Market Street, resulting in injuries to three people, including Parry.
A showdown looms on whether Boardman trustees can legally prevent construction of the Park South Mall, a $7 million shopping mall proposed by William Cafaro and Associates across from Boardman High School.
Austintown firemen and police are kept busy preventing a fire or explosion from gasoline bubbling to the surface from an 8.000-gallon tank at the Sealtest Dairy Co. plant on Mahoning Avenue.
1939: Youngstown is once again listed by Forbes magazine as one of the best places in the United States for concentrating sales activities.
Caroline Crandon Jones of 1342 Elm St., a graduate of Rayen School, is the third woman admitted to the school of veterinarian medicine at Ohio State University.