Today is Sunday, July 27, the 208th day of 2014. There are 157 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1214: France prevails in the Battle of Bouvines over the forces of the Holy Roman Empire and England.
1789: President George Washington signs a measure establishing the Department of Foreign Affairs, forerunner of the Department of State.
1909: During the first official test of the U.S. Army’s first airplane, Orville Wright flies himself and a passenger, Lt. Frank Lahm, above Fort Myer, Va., for one hour and 12 minutes.
1921: Canadian researcher Frederick Banting and his assistant, Charles Best, succeed in isolating the hormone insulin at the University of Toronto.
1953: The Korean War armistice is signed at Panmunjom, ending three years of fighting.
1960: Vice President Richard M. Nixon is nominated for president on the first ballot at the Republican National Convention in Chicago.
1967: President Lyndon B. Johnson appoints the Kerner Commission to assess the causes of urban rioting, the same day black militant H. Rap Brown said in Washington that violence was “as American as cherry pie.”
1974: The House Judiciary Committee votes 27-11 to adopt the first of three articles of impeachment against President Richard Nixon, charging he had personally engaged in a course of conduct designed to obstruct justice in the Watergate case.
1980: On day 267 of the Iranian hostage crisis, the deposed Shah of Iran dies at a military hospital outside Cairo, Egypt, at age 60.
1996: Terror strikes the Atlanta Olympics as a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial Olympic Park, directly killing one person and injuring 111. (Anti-government extremist Eric Rudolph later pleaded guilty to the bombing.)
2004: Democrats assail President George W. Bush’s handling of the Iraq war at their convention in Boston.
2009: Football player Michael Vick, suspended for bankrolling a dogfighting operation, is reinstated by NFL commissioner Roger Goodell.
2013: Security forces and an armed men clash with backers of Egypt’s ousted president, Mohammed Morsi, killing at least 80 people.”
1989: The Ohio Supreme Court reprimands Campbell Municipal Court Judge Joseph Kolmacic for presiding over cases in which his son was a lawyer.
Mahoning County Auditor George J. Tablack, whose family has long been connected with Democratic politics, hires Martin J. Milich, a long-time aide and adviser to Republican officeholders, to a $35,000-a-year job organizing the office’s computerized mapping system.
Youngstown firefighters credit Stanley Woodbridge, 9, with saving the life of Stephanie Parker, 12, who was swept away by high waters in Crab Creek. The boy threw her a rope and pulled her from the water.
1974: Citing a shift to smaller cars, General Motors reports its profits during the first six months of 1974 nose-dived 74 percent, to $426 million, or 2.8 percent of sales.
The Youngstown Park and Recreation Commission orders construction of a basketball court in Crandall Park’s gully in order to reduce noise and other conditions creating friction in the neighborhood.
Phillip’s Memorial Baptist Church, organized in 1954 under the leadership of the Rev. E.D. White as Morning Star Baptist Church, dedicates its new church building at Victor and Commonwealth avenues.
1964: John C. Echols, 16, of Cortland is killed when he falls off a hay trailer and is run over. He was one of a young crew putting up hay at the Faber Rest Home in Cortland.
An 18-year-old East Liverpool youth is in Columbiana County Jail, being held in the shooting of Ira Baird, 30, who is being treated for wounds of the face, head and chest.
William R. Gollner, 32, an Austintown father of five, dies when his body came in contact with a 220-volt line that was powering a refrigeration unit on a Sealtest Dairy truck he was repairing.
Advertisement: First time in the Youngstown area, a Mustang sale at Baglier Ford, 300 N. State St., Girard. Fifteen hardtops and convertibles to choose from, choice of engines, transmissions, colors.
1939: Lowellville closes down while its families and former families gather at Pine Hollow Park for an old-fashioned homecoming picnic.
Gov. John Bricker tells Rep. George Harter, a Summit County Democrat, that gambling on dog races is illegal in Ohio, but it’s up to local authorities, not the state, to enforce the law.
Joe Pickering, 15, leaves Youngstown for Culver, Ind., where he will compete for the national tennis-champion title.