Today is Wednesday, July 16, the 197th day of 2014. There are 168 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1790: A site along the Potomac River is designated the permanent seat of the United States government; the area becomes known Washington, D.C.
1862: Flag Officer David G. Farragut becomes the first rear admiral in the United States Navy.
1912: New York gambler Herman Rosenthal, set to testify before a grand jury about police corruption, is gunned down by members of the Lennox Avenue Gang.
1945: The United States explodes its first experimental atomic bomb in the desert of Alamogordo, N.M.
1951: The novel “The Catcher in the Rye” by J.D. Salinger is first published by Little, Brown and Co.
1964: As he accepts the Republican presidential nomination in San Francisco, Barry M. Goldwater declares that “extremism in the defense of liberty is no vice” and that “moderation in the pursuit of justice is no virtue.”
1980: Former California Gov. Ronald Reagan wins the Republican presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Detroit.
1981: Singer Harry Chapin is killed when his car is struck by a tractor-trailer on New York’s Long Island Expressway.
1989: Conductor Herbert von Karajan dies near Salzburg, Austria, at age 81.
1999: John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, die when their single-engine plane, piloted by Kennedy, plunges into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha’s Vineyard, Mass.
1989: Mahoning County Prosecutor James A. Philomena says he will run for Ohio attorney general if the incumbent, Anthony J. Celebrezze, runs for governor.
Bishop Albert Ottenweller of the Diocese of Steubenville, arrested for trespassing at a Market Street abortion clinic, says Mass at the Army Reserve Center Armory where he and 40 other demonstrators are being held by police.
Responding to a student-initiated proposal, Westminster College in New Wilmington, Pa., will allow overnight visiting in dormitories on the weekends.
1974: Lake Milton is closed to swimming, fishing and boating as a precaution until the Youngstown Park and Recreation Department determines whether the water has been contaminated by a chemical blaze at Universal Cooperatives Inc. of Alliance.
A newly incorporated group, Citizens for the Rights of the Majority headed by Annabelle Bodnar, says it will challenge the school desegregation lawsuit filed in federal court by the Youngstown NAACP.
Youngstown police are attempting to determine who pumped 683 gallons of gasoline from the tanks of the Sohio Service Station at 910 High St.
1964: City Council rejects a suggestion by Mayor Anthony B. Flask that the city’s annual fee for coin-operated pool tables, shuffle boards and bowling alleys be reduced from $156 to $15.
Fifty-seven of 58 Ohio delegates to the Republican National Convention cast their ballots for the party’s nominee, Barry Goldwater, the exception being Congresswoman Frances Bolton, who seconded the nomination of Margaret Chase Smith of Maine.
The zoning of Fifth Avenue from Broadway to Redondo Road is changed from Residence A and Residence C to a new Residence-Apartment classification by Youngstown City Council.
1939: John Radan Jr. of Bessemer, Pa., a pilot for the U.S. Coast Guard, is one of three men killed when their seaplane crashes into the Atlantic Ocean about 150 miles south of New York City while on a mission to rescue a man on the ketch Atlantis who had been stricken with pneumonia.
Mike Luzar, 63, of Girard is killed by a bullet fired at a woodchuck by a fellow hunter in Cherry Valley, Ashtabula County.
Congressman Michael J. Kirwan is the principal speaker at the dedication of Campbell’s new $75,000 post office before a crowd of more than 3,000 people.