Today is Monday, July 14, the 195th day of 2014. There are 170 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1789: In an event symbolizing the start of the French Revolution, citizens of France storm the Bastille prison in Paris and release the seven prisoners inside.
1881: Outlaw William H. Bonney Jr., alias “Billy the Kid,” is shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner in present-day New Mexico.
1913: Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr., the 38th president of the United States, is born Leslie Lynch King Jr. in Omaha, Neb.
1914: Scientist Robert H. Goddard receives a U.S. patent for a liquid-fueled rocket apparatus.
1921: Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are convicted in Dedham, Mass., of murdering a shoe company paymaster and his guard. (Sacco and Vanzetti were executed six years later.)
1933: All German political parties, except the Nazi Party, are outlawed.
Cartoon character Popeye the Sailor makes his movie debut in the Fleischer Studios animated short, “Popeye the Sailor.”
1943: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a measure providing funds for a national monument honoring scientist George Washington Carver; the monument is built at Carver’s birthplace near Diamond, Mo.
1964: In a speech to the Republican National Convention in San Francisco, New York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller is booed by supporters of Barry Goldwater as he calls on the GOP to denounce political extremists.
1966: Eight student nurses are murdered by Richard Speck in a Chicago dormitory.
1976: Jimmy Carter wins the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in New York.
1980: The Republican National Convention opens in Detroit, where nominee-apparent Ronald Reagan told a welcoming rally he and his supporters are determined to “make America great again.”
1989: The Avanti Automotive Corp. of Youngstown builds six prototype power boats for display at Southern boat shows in an effort to diversify its business.
Joe Bordo, a counselor with the Youngstown Health Department, conducts an hour-long cram course of the HIV virus for about 60 employees at the Diamondhead Nursing Home who complained that they were not told that a 40-year-old patient from Cleveland has the virus that carries AIDS.
Superior Beverage Group plans to sell its Mars Distributing Co. division to an Akron distributor — a move that would permanently lay off 18 employees — if Superior and its workers cannot agree on a new labor contract.
1974: Dr. Leonard N. Green, director of neurology at Youngstown Hospital Association, presents a paper at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology in San Francisco, describing the effectiveness of corticosteroid to relieve symptoms of sciatica.
Twenty-five invited paintings, most by “name” artists provided by New York galleries, are in the 1974 National Midyear Show at the Butler Institute of American Art.
Fifty children from school districts throughout Mahoning County are enrolled in the Summer Adventures in Learning sponsored by the Junior League of Youngstown and held at Market Street Elementary School in Boardman.
1964: Mahoning County Prosecutor Clyde W. Osborne says seven “local hoods” should be held in contempt for refusing to answer questions before a special grand jury investigating organized crime in late 1963.
Mayor Anthony B. Flask and Police Chief John Terlesky meet to discuss whether any of the suggestions for improving the police department that were contained in a $20,000 study by the International Association of Police Chiefs can by implemented. Flask says most of the suggestions were “Utopian.”
Youngstown’s Golden Age-Pepsi Division of American Beverage Corp. will build a $200,000 distribution center in Warren.
1939: Virtually all of Trumbull County’s 4,800 WPA workers go on a one-day strike protesting the 130-hour-per-month regulation, which increased the hours worked without an increase in pay.
The Ohio Chamber of Commerce says the state could lose the $16 million in contributions of the federal government to old-age pensions if a proposed amendment to the Ohio Constitution passes because the state’s old- age pension would not meet the requirements of the federal Social Security Act.
High winds raze the false front of the Quality Auto Body garage in Warren, showering two new tow trucks with bricks. Damage is estimated at $7,000.