Today is Sunday, July 13, the 194th day of 2014. There are 171 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1787: The Congress of the Confederation adopts the Northwest Ordinance, which establishes a government in the Northwest Territory, an area corresponding to the present-day Midwest and Upper Midwest.
1793: French revolutionary writer Jean-Paul Marat is stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday. (She was executed four days later.)
1863: Deadly rioting against the Civil War military draft erupts in New York City. (The insurrection was put down three days later.)
1923: A sign consisting of 50-foot-tall letters spelling out “HOLLYWOODLAND” is dedicated in the Hollywood Hills to promote a subdivision (the last four letters were removed in 1949).
1939: Frank Sinatra makes his first commercial recording, “From the Bottom of My Heart” and “Melancholy Mood,” with Harry James and his Orchestra for the Brunswick label.
1960: John F. Kennedy wins the Democratic presidential nomination on the first ballot at his party’s convention in Los Angeles.
1972: George McGovern receives the Democratic presidential nomination at the party’s convention in Miami Beach.
1973: Former presidential aide Alexander P. Butterfield reveals to Senate Watergate Committee staff members the existence of President Richard Nixon’s secret White House taping system. (Butterfield’s public revelation came three days later.)
1974: The Senate Watergate Committee proposes sweeping reforms in an effort to prevent another Watergate scandal.
1977: A blackout lasting 25 hours hits the New York City area.
1978: Lee Iacocca is fired as president of Ford Motor Co. by chairman Henry Ford II.
1985:“Live Aid,” an international rock concert in London, Philadelphia, Moscow and Sydney, takes place to raise money for Africa’s starving people.
2004: A confidant of Osama bin Laden (Khaled bin Ouda bin Mohammed al-Harbi) surrenders to Saudi diplomats in Iran.
2009: Sonia Sotomayor, the first Hispanic Supreme Court nominee in history, vows loyalty to “the impartiality of our justice system” at the start of her Senate confirmation hearing.
2013: A Sanford, Fla., jury clears neighborhood- watch volunteer George Zimmerman of all charges in the shooting of Trayvon Martin.
1989: Former Boardman star Bernie Kosar signs a six-year extension to his contract as quarterback of the Cleveland Browns, which one source estimates at $14 million.
Don Gosney, 62, long-time chairman of the Columbiana County Democratic Party, dies in California after a battle with cancer.
The Rev. Tim Lowe, executive director of Rescue Ministries of Youngstown since 1980, resigns to take a position with the Rescue Mission in Lincoln, Neb.
1974: A strike by the 8,800-member Local 1112 of the United Auto Workers Union idles the Vega assembly line at General Motors’ Lordstown complex.
Eight Humility of Mary sisters, including two from the Youngstown area, Sister Nancy McEvoy and Sister Rosalie Politsky, make their profession of final vows during a mass in the Magnificat chapel of the Motherhouse in Villa Maria, Pa.
Speaking at the Western Reserve Economic Development Agency’s annual dinner at the Avalon Inn, U.S. Sen. Robert A. Taft says the U.S. EPA’s willingness to consider the economic impact of its controls on the Mahoning Valley steel industry will serve as an example for other similarly impacted areas.
1964: A 25-year veteran employee of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co.’s Campbell Works is crushed by a 5,000-pound coil of strip steel that fell on him at the plant’s cold strip department. Preston Allgood, 48, is pronounced dead at South Side Hospital.
The Youngstown Club, remodeled at a cost of $500,000 after a disastrous fire Feb. 3, 1963, reopens with three formal dinners, each limited to 150 people and each sold out.
Leah Banks, a junior at Ursuline High School, and Ida Jean Hanzawa, a senior at McKinley High School in Honolulu, Hawaii, meet after eight years as pen pals when the Ida Jean stops in Youngstown on her way to New York City, where her grandfather has a tea house at the World’s Fair.
1939: United Airlines Transport Corp. files application with the Civil Aeronautics Authority to use Youngstown’s municipal airport, which is under construction in Vienna, as a stop on United’s transcontinental route between Newark, N.J., and Oakland, Calif.
U.S. Army engineers disapprove canalization of the upper reaches of the Allegheny River, which may injure the chances of obtaining approval for the Lake Erie-Ohio River canal by way of the Mahoning and Beaver rivers.
A spelling bee to be broadcast over national radio will be the highlight of a two-day celebration at Miami University commemorating the centenary of the publication of William H. McGuffey’s “McGuffey Spelling Book.” McGuffey spent his boyhood in Coitsville Township.