Today is Monday, July 7, the 188th day of 2014. There are 177 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1846: U.S. annexation of California is proclaimed at Monterey after the surrender of a Mexican garrison.
1865: Four people are hanged in Washington, D.C., for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln.
1898: The United States annexes Hawaii.
1919: The first Transcontinental Motor Convoy, in which a U.S. Army convoy of motorized vehicles crossed the United States, departs Washington, D.C. (The trip ended in San Francisco on Sept. 6, 1919.)
1937: The Second Sino-Japanese War erupts into full-scale conflict as Imperial Japanese forces attack the Marco Polo Bridge in Beijing.
1941: U.S. forces take up positions in Iceland, Trinidad and British Guiana to forestall any Nazi invasion, even though the United States has not yet entered the Second World War.
1952: The Republican National Convention, which nominates Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower for president and Sen. Richard Nixon for vice president, opens in Chicago.
1964: The National League stages a come-from-behind ninth-inning victory as it defeats the American League 7-4 in the All-Star Game played at New York’s Shea Stadium.
1976: President and Mrs. Gerald R. Ford host a White House dinner for Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip.
1981: President Ronald Reagan announces he will nominate Arizona Judge Sandra Day O’Connor to become the first female justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
1983: Eleven-year-old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for a visit to the Soviet Union at the personal invitation of Soviet leader Yuri V. Andropov.
1987: Lt. Col. Oliver North begins his long-awaited public testimony at the Iran-Contra hearing, telling Congress that he has “never carried out a single act, not one,” without authorization.
2004: Former Enron Chairman Kenneth Lay is indicted on criminal charges related to the energy company’s collapse. (Lay was later convicted of fraud and conspiracy, but died in July 2006 before he could be sentenced.)
1989: Youngstown police arrest eight adults and two juveniles in a crackdown on the open selling of cocaine and marijuana at the corner of Lexington Avenue and Griffith Street on the city’s North Side.
The New Castle Chapter of the Sons of the American Revolution plans to honor Revolutionary War veteran John Manning and his wife, Nancy Woodel Manning, who are buried in Castleview Cemetery. The couple’s grave marker says Manning lived to be 116 and his wife, 110 years old.
1974: Youngstown district electric power users will be paying more, reflecting skyrocketing coal prices, which have seen a ton of coal go from $5.98 a ton in May 1970 to $18.69.
The Voyager Inn, Youngs-town’s newest downtown hotel, closes pending the outcome of a foreclosure action. There is talk of reopening the hotel as a Holiday Inn.
Warren opens its weeklong 175th anniversary celebration with the annual “Walk Along Millionaire’s Row.”
1964: Five men are missing and presumed dead in a series of four dynamite explosions at the American Cyanamid Co.’s Edinburg, Pa., plant. The victims are identified as Eugene Rudesill, Gerald Wingard, Wilbur Robison, Donald Schenker, Clarence Claypool.
The Youngstown Board of Education adopts a $14.8 million budget for 1965, an increase of $408,004 over 1964.
Representatives of two groups ask the Youngstown Board of Education to institute free remedial reading courses in the summer school program.
1939: Frank W. Tear, “a mild-mannered gentleman,” is named principal of Rayen School, and W. Frederick Thomas, “a bear for work,” is named assistant principal.
Youngstown Traffic Commissioner Clarence W. Coppersmith announces that inspection lanes will be set up on various streets and at varying hours to check motorists for valid state driver’s licenses. Coppersmith estimates that as many as 20 percent of the city’s drivers are unlicensed.
Six of the eight men named in a suit by Herbert Bodine, former vice raider, to recover $408,000 from the alleged operators of the “Big House” numbers operation, are identified by witnesses in depositions as operators of the lottery.