Today is Saturday, July 5, the 186th day of 2014. There are 179 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1687: Isaac Newton first publishes his “Principia Mathematica,” a three-volume work setting out his mathematical principles of natural philosophy.
1811: Venezuela becomes the first South American country to declare independence from Spain.
1865: William Booth founds the Salvation Army in London.
1935: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the National Labor Relations Act.
1943: The Battle of Kursk begins during World War II; in the weeks that follow, the Soviets are able to repeatedly repel the Germans, who eventually withdraw in defeat.
1946: The bikini, created by Louis Reard, is modeled by Micheline Bernardini during a poolside fashion show in Paris.
1947: Larry Doby makes his debut with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first black player in the American League.
1954: Elvis Presley’s first commercial recording session takes place at Sun Records in Memphis, Tenn.; the song he recorded was “That’s All Right.”
1962: Independence takes effect in Algeria; the same day, civilians of European descent, mostly French, come under attack by extremists in the port city of Oran.
1989: Treasurer-elect George McKelvey and outgoing Treasurer Michael Pope appear to have worked through their differences over Pope’s operation of the office as a lame duck and hold a joint press conference saying they have reached an agreement allowing a smooth transition.
A fire damages two classrooms and causes smoke and water damage to the Cortland Elementary School. The Bazetta Township Fire Department is investigating the possibility of arson.
A Washington, D.C., developer proposes spending $1.6 million to transform the 84-year-old B&O Railroad Station in downtown Youngstown into a restaurant and banquet center.
1974: A joyride in a stolen car ends in tragedy when the 12-year-old driver, Melvin Schuster of Greenville, is killed when the car fails to negotiate a curve in Orangeville Road, Hickory Township.
The Civic Improvement Committee of the Salem Area Chamber of Commerce recommends construction of a $1 million indoor swimming pool as an addition to the Memorial Building.
An elderly man firing his revolver from his front porch accidentally hits a neighbor, Angeline Malone, 17, of Arlington Street, who came outside to see what the noise was about.
1964: The Early Settlers Association dedicates a marker on Stateline Road east of Poland marking the Southeast corner of the Western Reserve. A similar marker at the Northeast corner near Conneaut will be dedicated in September.
National Tea Co. plans to increase the number of its Loblaw and “Big D” supermarkets served by its Youngstown warehouse by 40 or 50 percent over five years, with an expected increase in the 300 people employed there.
A Youngstown seminarian at the Interdenominational Theological Center in Atlanta, the Rev. George Willis Jr., is one of three Negro ministers who were threatened with guns and ax handles while testing the new civil rights law at an Atlanta restaurant owned by Lester Maddox, an outspoken segregationist.
1939: Henry N. Boucherle, 41, secretary of the School-Choffin Co., drowns in Lake Erie off Mentor while swimming from the cabin cruiser of C.C. Choffin, president of the Youngstown construction company.
The sale of Harding Park to the Hubbard Banking Co. on a bid of $2,800 is set aside by Judge Lynn B. Griffith with the provision that the village of Hubbard put up a bond of $500 and an assurance that it will bid at least $3,000 if a new sheriff’s sale is held.
Fines and costs levied against two men arrested for violating Youngstown’s fireworks ordinance are suspended by Municipal Judge William B. Spagnola, who says it is unfair to fine a few out of “thousands who violated the ordinance.”