Today is Wednesday, July 2, the 183rd day of 2014. There are 182 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1714: German composer Christoph Willibald Gluck is born in Erasbach.
1776: The Continental Congress passes a resolution saying that “these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States.”
1864: President Abraham Lincoln signs a measure establishing the National Statuary Hall inside the former House Chamber of the U.S. Capitol.
1881: President James A. Garfield is shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield died the following September. (Guiteau was hanged in June 1882.)
1926: The United States Army Air Corps is created.
1937: Aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight along the equator.
1943: Bing Crosby and the Ken Darby Singers record “Sunday, Monday or Always” for Decca Records.
1961: Author Ernest Hemingway shoots himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho.
1964: President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress.
1979: The Susan B. Anthony dollar coin is released to the public.
1982: Larry Walters of San Pedro, Calif., uses a lawn chair equipped with 45 helium-filled weather balloons to rise to an altitude of 16,000 feet; he lands 8 miles away in Long Beach.
1994: A USAir DC-9 crashes in poor weather at Charlotte-Douglas International Airport in North Carolina, killing 37 of the 57 people aboard.
1999: Former Northwestern University basketball coach Ricky Byrdsong is shot to death in Skokie, Ill.; authorities believe he was the victim of a three-day shooting rampage by white supremacist Benjamin Nathaniel Smith that targeted minorities in Illinois and Indiana. (One other person was killed and others wounded before Smith committed suicide.)
2004: Elijah Brown, 21, described by police as a disgruntled employee, goes on a shooting rampage inside a ConAgra Foods Inc. plant in Kansas City, Kan., killing five co-workers before taking his own life.
1989: A Boardman WW II veteran, George Poschner, 70, says he has been trying for two years to get the Veterans Administration to properly repair or replace the 25-year-old prosthetic legs.
Cars with license plates as far away as Maryland and as close as Mahoning County roll into the parking lot of Wholesale Fireworks off Interstate 80 in Hubbard, which is operated by Richard Naples.
Bessemer Borough launches its week-long 75th anniversary with a balloon launch and will wrap it up with a parade and a salute to Mayor H. Spencer Carr, who has served for nearly 40 years.
1974: The sudden appearance of a police cruiser ends a nightmare for two young South Side women who were stripped of their clothing and criminally assaulted on a dark McGuffey Heights street by a group of men.
Local 1112 United Autoworkers at Lordstown receives strike authorization from the international union and sets a July 10 walkout if no settlement is reached with General Motors. A strike would idle 8,800 union members.
Sixty-seven nurses, including one male, receive diplomas when the St. Elizabeth Hospital School of Nursing holds its 61st annual commencement at St. Columba Cathedral. Bishop James W. Malone celebrates Mass and confers the diplomas.
1964: The Ohio Supreme Court upholds Ohio’s ban of billboards along the state’s interstate highway system.
The screams of neighborhood youngsters attract the attention of Steve Sabo, stopping him from pulling away from the curb on Delaware Avenue, unaware that 14-month old Charles Underwood Jr. had crawled beneath the car. The baby suffered superficial cuts on his head.
Blanche Russell, retired Vindicator society writer and an accomplished musician who played the pipe organ at the old First Christian Church, dies at her home at 182 W. Warren Ave.
1939: Francis F. “Daddy” Herr, principal and teacher at Rayen School for 35 years, has retired because of ill health, Superintendent Pliny H. Powers announces.
Youngstown Police Chief Carl L. Olson says traffic laws will be rigidly enforced and arrests will be made for selling and setting off fireworks in the city on the Fourth of July in an effort to cut the death and injury toll on what he says is “the most dangerous day of the year.”