Today is Tuesday, July 1, the 182nd day of 2014. There are 183 days left in the year. This is Canada Day.
On this date in:
1535: Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England, charged with high treason for rejecting the Oath of Supremacy. (More was convicted, and executed.)
1863: The pivotal, three-day Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, resulting in a Union victory, begins in Pennsylvania.
1867: Canada becomes a self-governing dominion of Great Britain as the British North America Act takes effect.
1912: Aviator Harriet Quimby, 37, is killed along with her passenger, William Willard, when they are thrown out of Quimby’s monoplane at the Third Annual Boston Aviation Meet.
1934: Hollywood begins enforcing its Production Code subjecting motion pictures to censorship review.
1944: Delegates from 44 countries begin meeting at Bretton Woods, N.H., where they agree to establish the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
1946: The United States explodes a 20-kiloton atomic bomb near Bikini Atoll in the Pacific.
1973: The Drug Enforcement Administration is established.
1974: The president of Argentina, Juan Peron, dies; he is succeeded by his wife, Isabel Martinez de Peron.
1980: “O Canada” is proclaimed the national anthem of Canada.
1984: The Motion Picture Association of America establishes the “PG-13” rating.
1994: PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat returns to Palestinian land after 27 years in exile as he drives from Egypt into Gaza.
2004: Legendary film and stage actor Marlon Brando dies in Los Angeles at age 80.
2009: President Barack Obama holds an hour-long town hall forum on health care reform in Annandale, Va., where, in an emotional moment, he hugs cancer patient Debby Smith, a volunteer for Obama’s political operation, Organizing for America.
Academy Award-winning actor Karl Malden, 97, dies in Brentwood, Calif.
1989: The YSU Board of Trustees gives the administration approval to purchase land bounded by the Madison Avenue Expressway, Elm Street and Michigan Avenue as the site for construction of new student housing.
The office of Ohio Attorney General Anthony Celebrezze Jr. files suit against the city of Warren seeking tens of thousands of dollars in fines for the discharge of untreated sewage into the Mahoning River.
Tuition at YSU will increase 1 percent in the fall, bringing tuition for a full-time student attending three quarters a year to $2,001. The highest tuition for a state school is $3,026 at Miami University; Ohio State is $2,040.
1974: In a surprise move, three Youngstown policemen plead guilty to grand theft charges before Judge Sidney J. Rigelhaupt, climaxing a long investigation into involvement of police officers in a burglary ring. They agree to resign while awaiting sentencing.
Anthony Fortunato is named manager of District VII of the Ohio Bureau of Employment Services, which covers Mahoning, Trumbull, Columbiana, Ashtabula, Summit and Portage counties.
A U.S. District Court upholds Ohio’s law giving $81.5 million in aid to parochial schools. The law had been challenged by the American Civil Liberties Union.
1964: An article in Nation’s Business magazine predicts the General Motors plant that will be built in Lordstown will cost $100 million and will employ 4,800, providing a dramatic boost to the area’s economy.
Leonard Kirtz, a leader in the development of Mahoning County’s programs for retarded children, urges placement of a levy on the November ballot to finance construction of a new school building.
Steel and rubber ribbons are cut, opening 12.3 miles of Interstate 80S in Portage County, which will eventually run through Youngstown and meet the Keystone Shortway.
1939: Eighteen bones, apparently from a woman’s body, are found at Youngstown’s dump on Clay Street, wrapped in three Des Moines newspapers, one of which held an account of the disappearance of Mrs. William H. Parsons of Long Island in June 1937.
One hundred laps of automobile racing are scheduled for the Sharon Speedway dirt track near Hartford, with entries received from Glenn Myers and Herb Vanges of Detroit, Bud Garringer of Phoenix, Woody Woodford of Los Angeles, Jiggs Yager of Shelbyville, Ind., and Bill Spear of Pittsburgh.