Today is Monday, Jan. 27, the 27th day of 2014. There are 338 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1756: Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is born in Austria.
1880: Thomas Edison receives a patent for his electric incandescent lamp.
1901: Opera composer Giuseppe Verdi dies in Milan, Italy, at age 87.
1913: The musical play “The Isle O’ Dreams” opens in New York; it features the song “When Irish Eyes Are Smiling” by Ernest R. Ball, Chauncey Olcott and George Graff Jr.
1943: Some 50 bombers strike Wilhelmshaven in the first all-American air raid against Germany during World War II.
1944: During World War II, the Soviet Union announces the complete end of the deadly German siege of Leningrad, which had lasted for more than two years.
1945: Soviet troops liberate the Nazi concentration camps Auschwitz and Birkenau in Poland.
1951: An era of atomic testing in the Nevada desert begins as an Air Force plane drops a one- kiloton bomb on Frenchman Flat.
1964: E.I. Du Pont de Nemours and Co. introduces its artificial leather substitute, Corfam. (The product ultimately fails in large part because of consumer complaints that shoes made of Corfam could not be “broken in” like leather shoes.)
1967: Astronauts Virgil I. “Gus” Grissom, Edward H. White and Roger B. Chaffee die in a flash fire during a test aboard their Apollo spacecraft.
1973: The Vietnam peace accords are signed in Paris.
1984: Singer Michael Jackson suffers serious burns to his scalp when pyrotechnics set his hair on fire during the filming of a Pepsi-Cola TV commercial at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles.
1989: The New Castle Sanitation Authority is taking an aggressive position against delinquent sewer bills, warning those who are behind that judgments will be placed against their homes or their water will be shut off.
The Brookfield teachers union is protesting a letter from Superintendent Jerry Raupach that orders a teacher who spoke out at a November Board of Education meeting to not publicly criticize school policy.
Youngstown City Council and the Ungaro administration meet with officials from 13 area banks in a vain attempt to get an explanation of why loan applications for blacks are rejected at a rate of 39 percent while those for whites are rejected 14 percent of the time.
1974: Youngstown police juvenile officers have identified eight students who allegedly molested an East High teacher in December and will pick them up and turn them over to Juvenile Court.
Youngstown State University had a drop of 4 percent in full-time student enrollment, but it will receive its full $10.1 million appropriation from the state, President John J. Coffelt tells trustees.
Earle Linwood Dilks, 80, a retired New Castle, Pa., railroader, has been running since he was a schoolboy in 1905 and by his logs has run 181,222 miles. He still runs six miles a day and is training for a 500-mile run in the summer from New York City to New Castle.
1964: General Motors reports earning of nearly $1.6 billion in 1963, a sum never before equaled by any corporation. Sales were also a record at $16.5 billion.
Twenty-six men are rounded up in a state police raid on the Americus Club on S. Mill Street in New Castle, Pa. Among them is Youngstown police character Nello Ronci, 42.
Warren Lahr, whose 19 years as a football player included 11 seasons with the Cleveland Browns, tells a crowd of 300 at the Youngstown University Grid Vets banquet that Western Reserve’s 1946 duel with the Penguins was “the toughest game I’ve ever played in my life.” Dick Hartzell, who did all the field goal and extra point kicking for YU for four years receives the Ben Scharsu Memorial Award.
1939: Of the major counties in Ohio, Mahoning was one of the safest for criminals during 1937, with only 74.2 percent of its suspects convicted in common pleas court, a survey by the U.S. Department of Commerce discloses.
The Rev. Leo C. Gainor, O.P., who had been active in Youngstown civic affairs during the three years he has been pastor of St. Dominic’s Church, is transferred to Aquinas College in Columbus.
Bishop David Washington of Mobile, Ala., preaches at Shiloh Baptist Church, the guest of his sister, Mrs. Charles Radcliffe of Campbell.