Today is Sunday, Jan. 19, the 19th day of 2014. There are 346 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1764: John Wilkes is expelled from the British Parliament for seditious libel and obscenity (the former charge was for criticizing a speech delivered by King George III; the latter, for penning a pornographic parody of Alexander Pope’s “Essay on Man”).
1807: Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee is born in Westmoreland County, Va.
1853: Giuseppe Verdi’s opera “Il Trovatore” premieres in Rome.
1861: Georgia becomes the fifth state to secede from the Union.
1937: Millionaire Howard Hughes sets a transcontinental air record by flying his monoplane from Los Angeles to Newark, N.J., in 7 hours, 28 minutes and 25 seconds.
1942: During World War II, Japan invades Burma (known today as Myanmar).
1944: The federal government relinquishes control of the nation’s railroads to their owners after settlement of a wage dispute.
1955: A presidential news conference is filmed for television for the first time, with the permission of President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
1966: Indira Gandhi is elected prime minister of India.
1970: President Richard M. Nixon nominates G. Harrold Carswell to the Supreme Court; however, the nomination is defeated because of controversy over Carswell’s past racial views.
1977: In one of his last acts of office, President Gerald R. Ford pardons Iva Toguri D’Aquino, an American convicted of treason for making wartime broadcasts for Japan.
1981: The United States and Iran sign an accord paving the way for the release of 52 Americans held hostage for more than 14 months.
1992: German government and Jewish officials dedicate a Holocaust memorial at the villa on the outskirts of Berlin where the notorious Wannsee Conference had taken place.
2004: Sen. John Kerry wins Iowa’s Democratic caucuses, while John Edwards places second; Howard Dean, who finishes third, delivers a fist-pumping, bellowing concession speech that is viewed as politically damaging.
1989: An explosion in a natural gas well located on Standard Slag Co. property in Canfield takes two companies from the Canfield Fire Department 90 minutes to douse, says Chief Robert Tieche.
Michael E. Kelly, who came to Youngstown in 1987 amid the fanfare of the New Avanti Motor Corp.’s move from South Bend, Ind., is moving back to Arlington, Texas, after selling his 47percent interest in Avanti to J.J. Cafaro.
Sam Covelli, who owns and operates 33 McDonald’s restaurants in Ohio and Pennsylvania, and Eugene Green, senior vice president of Bank One in Warren, are the Warren Area Jaycees 1988 Distinguished Service Award and Civic Award winners respectively.
1974: Youngstown Police Chief Donald G. Baker warns that any truck driver who purposely blocks the legal flow of traffic on streets or highways during an announced strike by independent drivers may face felony rather than misdemeanor charges.
The Warren Founders Day Committee says its entire stock of silver medals commemorating the city’s 175th anniversary of its founding has been exhausted, and only orders for bronze medals are being taken.
James Ross, Youngstown businessman and philanthropist, and his wife, Edith, pledge $500,000 toward an information center at the Hadassah Medical Center on Mount Scopus, Jerusalem.
1964: The Youngstown District is continuing its position as the country’s fourth most important steel-making area with a capacity of 13 million tons of steel ingot.
More than 600 people are expected to attend the 49th annual Mahoning Valley McKinley Club dinner at the McKinley Memorial in Niles with National GOP Chairman William E. Miller as the featured speaker.
The Home Savings & Loan Association opens its 75th anniversary year observance with the opening of its new Salem branch at State Street and Lincoln Way.
1939: Nick Babich, 58, of Warren is condemned to death in the electric chair for the murder of his neighbor, Dan Gross, 55, by a Trumbull County jury of eight women and four men who deliberated only an hour and 40 minutes.
The opening dinner for the membership drive of the Youngstown Chamber of Commerce is moved from the Youngstown Club to the YMCA due to the large number of reservations, says H. Ross Packard, chamber secretary.
Mrs. Christina Yacavone, 66-year-old mother of Angelo Yacavone, Campbell city electrician, is one of 360 passengers on the Italian liner Vulcania, which docked in New York after being battered in a furious storm off the Azores.