- Advertisement -
  • Most Commentedmost commented up
  • Most Emailedmost emailed up
  • Popularmost popular up
- Advertisement -

« News Home

Humane agents powerless to help animals in extremely cold weather

Published: Thu, January 9, 2014 @ 12:10 a.m.

State law does not require animals to be brought inside when temperatures drop

By joe gorman



Humane agents in Mahoning County have had a hectic three days because of the cold, and one of them says there is not much they can do if an animal is left outside in extreme conditions.

Christopher Flak, a humane agent for the Mahoning County Humane Society, said people need to contact their state representatives to add penalties for animal neglect during extreme weather conditions.

The Ohio Legislature is currently addressing tougher companion animal cruelty legislation.

But for now, Flak said all state law provides is that animals must have food, water and shelter when left outside.

He said there is no provision requiring animals to be taken inside during extreme weather conditions, such as the extremely low temperatures below zero the last two nights.

Flak said agents answered 107 calls and traveled more than 400 miles, and a lot of those calls were for animals that were left outside.

He was powerless to force the animals to be taken inside, however, because the Ohio Revised Code does not require it.

He said he recommends that they be taken inside, but that is as far as he can go.

“That’s a moral issue. That’s an ethical issue,” Flak said. “We can’t enforce that.”

State Rep. Ronald Gerberry of Austintown, D-59th, who recently pushed through “Nitro’s Law,” which makes the abuse of a companion animal in a kennel a fifth- degree felony, said a bill has recently passed the House that toughens animal laws and would make keeping a pet in extreme conditions against state law.

Gerberry said he urged people to write to state senators to get the law passed.

He said for reasons he can’t explain, there are some state senators who do not believe abuse of an animal is a felony, noting that it took four years to get Nitro’s Law passed.

“I don’t understand the logic,” Gerberry said.

In December the House passed what is known as “Goddard’s Law,” named after Cleveland meteorologist Dick Goddard, but the bill is now awaiting action in the Senate. The bill makes some animal-cruelty cases felonies even for a first offense.

In neighboring Pennsylvania, the law for keeping animals outside in severe weather is similar.

Shelley Rosenberg, an assistant for humane officers at the Western Pennsylvania Humane Society in Pittsburgh, said the law in Pennsylvania only requires that companion animals have access to food, water and shelter. There is no requirement that they have to be taken inside during inclement weather, Rosenberg said.

Flak said Mahoning County agents took one dog from a South Side home that was clearly being neglected but that was the only action they were able to take.

Flak, too, urged people who want to change the law to contact lawmakers and ask them to pass legislation that would give humane agents the power to force people who are caring for companion animals to take them inside during extreme weather.


1Roger_Thornhill(668 comments)posted 1 year ago

My God this is insane!
First off, the Vindy should change the headline to "Humane agents CLAIM THEY ARE powerless to help animals in extremely cold weather."

Second, in the other article, the Hubbard Police issued a citation to the woman who had her dog outside.
VINDY: What was she cited for?
VINDY: Did you ask Animal Charity agent why they can do a citation there?

It is absolutely ludicrous to claim Ohio law allows for animals to be left to suffer in the extreme cold. More on that later....

But lets suppose for the sake of discussion that it is ok to leave animals to get to the point, as the other article about the dog in Boardman, where "The dog appeared to be shaking, however, and had a difficult time walking, police said.

The humane agent left a note that there would be follow-up because the DOG NEEDED MEDICAL CARE."

First question is, did the humane agent ask the dog warden to do a license check? Because if the dog is not wearing a license, it can be seized immediately on the spot and the owner cited and taken into court for that offense:

955.10 Tags to be worn.

No owner of a dog, except a dog constantly confined to a dog kennel registered under this chapter or one licensed under Chapter 956. of the Revised Code, shall fail to require the dog to wear, at all times, a valid tag issued in connection with a certificate of registration. A dog found not wearing at any time a valid tag shall be prima-facie evidence of lack of registration and shall subject any dog found not wearing such a tag to impounding, sale, or destruction.

Amended by 129th General AssemblyFile No.150,SB 130, §1, eff. 3/13/2013.

Effective Date: 12-12-1988

Suggest removal:

2Roger_Thornhill(668 comments)posted 1 year ago

VINDY: How about asking humane societies in other OHIO counties if they are "powerless" to do anything.

What do other humane societies do?
Do they file complaints under 959.131?

959.131 Prohibitions concerning companion animals.
(A) As used in this section:
(1) "Companion animal" means any animal that is kept inside a residential dwelling and any dog or cat regardless of where it is kept. "Companion animal" does not include livestock or any wild animal.
(2) "Cruelty," "torment," and "torture" have the same meanings as in section 1717.01 of the Revised Code.
(B) No person shall knowingly torture, torment, needlessly mutilate or maim, cruelly beat, poison, needlessly kill, or commit an act of cruelty against a companion animal.
(C) No person who confines or who is the custodian or caretaker of a companion animal shall negligently do any of the following:
(1) Commit any act by which unnecessary or unjustifiable pain or suffering is caused, permitted, or allowed to continue, when there is a reasonable remedy or relief, against the companion animal;
(2) Omit any act of care by which unnecessary or unjustifiable pain or suffering is caused, permitted, or allowed to continue, when there is a reasonable remedy or relief, against the companion animal;
(3) Commit any act of neglect by which unnecessary or unjustifiable pain or suffering is caused, permitted, or allowed to continue, when there is a reasonable remedy or relief, against the companion animal;
(5) Deprive the companion animal of necessary sustenance, confine the companion animal without supplying it during the confinement with sufficient quantities of good, wholesome food and water, or impound or confine the companion animal without affording it, during the impoundment or confinement, with access to shelter from heat, cold, wind, rain, snow, or excessive direct sunlight, if it can reasonably be expected that the companion animal would become sick or suffer in any other way as a result of or due to the deprivation, confinement, or impoundment or confinement in any of those specified manners.

Suggest removal:

3Roger_Thornhill(668 comments)posted 1 year ago

Here is 1717.01 that is referenced in 959.131 in my post above, where "cruelty" torment" and "torture" are defined.
1717.01 Humane society definitions.
As used in sections 1717.01 to 1717.14, inclusive, of the Revised Code, and in every law relating to animals:

(B) "Cruelty," "torment," and "torture" include every act, omission, or neglect by which unnecessary or unjustifiable pain or suffering is caused, permitted, or allowed to continue, when there is a reasonable remedy or relief;

(End of definition.)

Does anyone think this dog in Boardman was not being subjected to the exact definition of 1717.01(B)?!?!?!

Suggest removal:

4Roger_Thornhill(668 comments)posted 1 year ago

Animal Charity folks are correct, there is no law in Ohio that says EXACT magic words of :
"Dogs must be brought inside under extreme weather."

HOWEVER, lets take a closer look at 959.131 which repeatedly gives instances of what is neglect and cruelty, including omissions of care.

In fact, 959.131(C)(5) SPECIFICALLY states:
(C) No person who confines or who is the custodian or caretaker of a companion animal shall negligently do any of the following:
5) .... confine the companion animal without affording it, during the impoundment or confinement, with access to shelter from..... cold, ..... if it can reasonably be expected that the companion animal would become sick or suffer in any other way.......

VINDY: Please ask the humane agents why the owners of the dogs left outside in the unbearable cold the last few days were not charged?

Suggest removal:

5michael1757(301 comments)posted 1 year ago

Why couldn't they go knock on the door,& politely ask the pet owners if there was a chance of bringing the animals in.As a humane thing.Isn't that what its called?

Suggest removal:

6Roger_Thornhill(668 comments)posted 1 year ago


My apologies. I referenced an earlier Vindy article about dogs in the cold and did not provide a link, so here it is.

Suggest removal:

7Roger_Thornhill(668 comments)posted 1 year ago

How about a follow up and call humane societies in Butler, Franklin, and Delaware Counties and present the following fact pattern:

Police went to a home where they found a beagle-mix in the backyard. The dog had a doghouse, food and water, according to a police report.

The dog appeared to be shaking, however, and had a difficult time walking, police said.

The dog’s owner, who was shopping, would not come home, police said.
The humane agent left a note that there would be follow-up because the dog needed medical care.

Ask the other humane societies what they would have done. If they are reluctant to give an answer because they were not at the scene of the hypothetical, ask them if they took in any dogs from the cold.

Suggest removal:

8southsidedave(4949 comments)posted 1 year ago

people are so cruel to pets... makes no sense!

Suggest removal:

9irishgirl(2 comments)posted 1 year ago

I am sick over the little that is done to protect these animals from their owner's cruelty. The pound is also disgusting and the dogs are treated very badly. Any volunteer who voices any problems is not welcomed back

Suggest removal:

10BJ(18 comments)posted 1 year ago

Why is this happening? We have humane agents for a reason. So upsetting.

Suggest removal:

11BJ(18 comments)posted 1 year ago

This just makes my blood boil. I'm curious as to what training the executive director of animal charities has...is he or she a lawyer?? Has the director even been a humane agent?

Suggest removal:

12BJ(18 comments)posted 1 year ago

I'm glad the vindy did a story on this epidemic. So many dogs are chained, neglected & abused in our area. Animal charities should call other counties & see how they handle humane issues. This shouldn't be happening. I don't believe these humane agents are as powerless as they say. A frozen water source is not acceptable. Nor is a shelter with holes in the roof.

Suggest removal:

13BJ(18 comments)posted 1 year ago

Nom-De-Plume said it all!!!
Ohio law DOES permit the agents or others to act!
So, if that is the law, why are they so "powerless?"
I hope the Vindy follows up on these questions.

Suggest removal:

14BJ(18 comments)posted 1 year ago

“The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated.” ~ Mahatma Gandhi

Suggest removal:

15BJ(18 comments)posted 1 year ago

According to Gary PilcheR of Animal Charities, "... in Ohio, a member of a humane society may require a law enforcement officer, such as a sheriff or police officer, “to arrest any person found violating the laws in relation to cruelty to persons or animals, and to take possession of any animal cruelly treated.” §1717.09. Furthermore, under § 1717.13”
When, in order to protect any animal from neglect, it is necessary to take possession of it, any person may do so. When an animal is impounded or confined, and continues without necessary food, water, or proper attention for more than fifteen successive hours, any person may, as often as is necessary, enter any place in which the animal is impounded or confined and supply it with necessary food, water, and attention, so long as it remains there, or, if necessary, or convenient, he may remove such animal; and he shall not be liable to an action for such entry.

Suggest removal:

16kensgirl(663 comments)posted 1 year ago

Animal Charity is now under investigation for operating a facility without a licence. There I said it. The Ohio Board of Veterinary Medicine has cited Tara Musolino recently for running that facility without a proper licence. God's truth. You never saw this crap going on when Perc Kelty ran it. Shame on you Tara and all the vets and workers who have done so much harm there.

Suggest removal:

17irishgirl(2 comments)posted 1 year ago

Wow. I had no idea about that

Suggest removal:

18kurtw(967 comments)posted 1 year ago

I can't address the situation in Ohio not having personal experience in this State (and not having researched the matter) but I did have an experience last Winter in Sharon with an animal kept outside that I considered to be neglected.

It was a Pit Bull chained to a tree two houses from mine with only a flimsy plastic dog house for shelter. The animal was so powerful and frustrated with the lack of exercise and social stimulation that it repeatedly upended its House with its chain and turned over it's water and food bowl- every time I looked down from my backyard that's what you had- the house on its side- no food, no water- and the poor creature barking and lunging at it's chain.

I complained repeatedly about this to all the authorities in Mercer County- the Dog Warden, The Humane Society and the Sharon Police- and GOT NOWHERE. They came out (several times), looked at the situation, spoke to the owner and then told me there was nothing they could do- because the Minimum State Law requirements had been met- there was Shelter, there was Food, and there was Water.

I pointed out to them what is the point of having a Dog House it it's uninsulated and so flimsily constructed that the dog is able to knock it over which he also did with it's food and water because of the chain circle. I got NOWHERE and the reason is (which most likely is the case in Ohio) the total inadequacy of the law in protecting domestic animals. I'm in many ways a libertarian and don't believe in Governmental Overreach- but here is an exception- a glaring example of how the law is not protecting its vulnerable and weak from Sadists (yes, anybody who would treat an animal that way is a Sadist and the animal should be forcibly removed and the Criminal jailed. We do that in the case of abused children, don't we? Dogs have the same nervous system and feel the same pain).

Yes, I did consider the idea of personal intervention- going over and confronting the owner but I ruled that out for two simple reasons: Number one: I didn't think it would accomplish anything- if the Law couldn't do anything, what could I? Number two: I was afraid of the guy- He was twice my size and looked Mean as Hell- I didn't think getting myself beat up would help the animal and, since then, they have moved.

Suggest removal:

19kurtw(967 comments)posted 1 year ago

I think the biggest reason we don't have better laws protecting domestic animals in Ohio or Pa. is the legislative clout of Farmers.

Agriculture, including the farming of livestock, is the biggest industry in Ohio and it is a major industry in Pa. as well.

Farmers may be afraid that if tougher laws protecting domestic animals are enacted it may lead to greater restrictions (lead by PETA activists) on the way they treat their Livestock.

When I started writing this, I was all set to finish my Post with a ringing declaration of Animal Rights- that all Animals- whether domestic Pets or Livestock- should be treated humanely- no difference between them at all because they feel the same pain.

Then I remembered one tiny detail- I'm a Meat Eater- two days ago I ate a huge strip steak and earlier today I had sausage sandwiches- those products weren't put on my table by magic- they came from a Slaughterhouse where animals suffer and die.

It may be that the only people that can address this issue- the suffering of animals at the hands of man- without hypocrisy are the Vegans.

And if I thought I had to eat what those people eat the rest of my life- Tofu, Alfalfa Sprouts, and Mashed Yeast- I'd put a gun to my head right now to stop my misery.

I guess I'll end my days as a hypocrite.

Suggest removal:

20Roger_Thornhill(668 comments)posted 1 year ago


read this article. feds pursued this woman for 7 years because she fed a whale!

Locals won't do anything to help dogs in the cold and give up.

What a paradox.

Suggest removal:


HomeTerms of UsePrivacy StatementAdvertiseStaff DirectoryHelp
© 2015 Vindy.com. All rights reserved. A service of The Vindicator.
107 Vindicator Square. Youngstown, OH 44503

Phone Main: 330.747.1471 • Interactive Advertising: 330.740.2955 • Classified Advertising: 330.746.6565
Sponsored Links: Vindy Wheels | Vindy Jobs | Vindy Homes