Today is Tuesday, Jan. 7, the seventh day of 2014. There are 358 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1610: Astronomer Galileo Galilei begins observing three of Jupiter’s moons (he spots a fourth moon almost a week later).
1789: America has its first presidential election as voters choose electors who, a month later, select George Washington to be the nation’s first chief executive.
1800: The 13th president of the United States, Millard Fillmore, is born in Summerhill, N.Y.
1894: One of the earliest motion picture experiments takes place at the Thomas Edison studio in West Orange, N.J., as Fred Ott is filmed taking a pinch of snuff and sneezing.
1927: Commercial transatlantic telephone service is inaugurated between New York and London.
1949: George C. Marshall resigns as U.S. secretary of state; President Harry S. Truman chooses Dean Acheson to succeed him.
1953: President Harry S. Truman announces in his State of the Union message to Congress that the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb.
1963: The U.S. Post Office raises the cost of a first-class stamp from 4 to 5 cents.
1973: Sniper Mark Essex lays siege at a Howard Johnson’s Motor Lodge in downtown New Orleans for about 10 hours, killing seven people before being slain by police sharpshooters.
1979: Vietnamese forces capture the Cambodian capital of Phnom Penh, overthrowing the Khmer Rouge government.
1989: Emperor Hirohito of Japan dies in Tokyo at age 87; he is succeeded by his son, Crown Prince Akihito.
1999: For the second time in history, an impeached American president goes on trial before the Senate. President Bill Clinton faces charges of perjury and obstruction of justice. (He later was acquitted.)
2004: President George W. Bush proposes legal status, at least temporarily, for millions of immigrants improperly working in the U.S.
2009: President-elect Barack Obama meets at the White House with America’s four living presidents: George W. Bush, George H.W. Bush, Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter.
1989: The state has designated its $3.5 million share for construction of the long-discussed Youngstown-Mahoning County Jail.
Two area congressmen, U.S. Rep. James A. Traficant Jr. of Poland and Thomas J. Ridge of Erie, Pa., say they will oppose a 50 percent pay raise for members of Congress that has been endorsed by President Reagan.
Officials at the Ohio Department of Transportation, District 4, recommend that two rest stops on Route 82 in Brookfield be closed and razed because of complaints of crimes at the stops by the Ohio Highway Patrol Brookfield Police and Brookfield trustees.
1974: Three men abduct a Garrettsville assistant bank manager and his wife at their Mantua Township home in a plot to rob the branch office of Portage National Bank. The hostages were released after the robbers escaped with an undetermined amount of money.
An official of the Ohio Petroleum Marketers Association predicts that gasoline prices in the state will increase to 75 or 80 cents per gallon within three or four months.
The Rev. William Olynyk, pastor of Sts. Peter and Paul Ukrainian Church on North Belle Vista Avenue, suspects that a phone call asking about the 9 p.m. service was a ruse to set up a burglary of the rectory, which netted thieves $450 during the service.
1964: “Automatic” Sprink- ler Corp. of America, the Youngstown firm that is the nation’s second largest manufacturer of fire warning and sprinkler devices, is being eyed by Harry E. Figgie Jr. of Cleveland as the nucleus of a new industrial complex he is organizing.
A small group of residents bearing the name of the Liberty School Citizens’ Protest Committee on Required Reading is pressing to have several literary works removed from the curriculum of Liberty High School, including “A Tree Grows in Brooklyn,” a novel by Betty Smith.
Warren P. Williamson Jr., president of WKBN Broadcasting Co., and Dr. Earl H. Youngs are re-elected to their 15th terms as president and vice president of the Youngstown Board of Education.
1939: Mike Hayasse, 41-year-old West Rayen Avenue mill worker, is found shot to death on a dump along Salt Springs Road north of the Mahoning Avenue Bridge. Hayasse had told a number of acquaintances that he wouldn’t live past Jan. 10.
Dorothy Pollock Powers of Poland, wife of Youngstown jeweler Edward W. Powers, dies at her Springfield Road home after an illness of several years. She was 44.
Cecil “Ed” Fifield, The Vindicator’s oldest active employee, collapses and dies after rolling the last page mat for the stocks edition. He was 66 and had been associated with The Vindicator for 48 years, not counting his years as a newsboy.