Today is Wednesday, Jan. 1, the first day of 2014. There are 364 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1660: Englishman Samuel Pepys writes the first entry of his famous diary.
1785: The Daily Universal Register — which later becomes the Times of London — publishes its first issue.
1863: President Abraham Lincoln signs and issues the Emancipation Proclamation, declaring that slaves in rebel states shall be “forever free.”
1892: The Ellis Island Immigrant Station in New York formally opens.
1913: The U.S. Parcel Post system begins operation.
1939: The technology company Hewlett-Packard is founded by Bill Hewlett and Dave Packard in a garage in Palo Alto, Calif.
1942: Twenty-six countries, including the United States, sign the Declaration of the United Nations, pledging “not to make a separate armistice or peace” with members of the Axis.
1953: Country singer Hank Williams Sr., 29, is discovered dead in the back seat of his car during a stop in Oak Hill, W. Va., while he was being driven to a concert date in Canton, Ohio.
1954: NBC broadcasts the first coast-to-coast color TV program as it presents live coverage of the Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, Calif.
1989: About 200 workers who retired early from United Engineering Inc. and Wean United Inc. learn that their $400-a-month pension supplements have been eliminated.
Three days of thorough questioning net only five of 30 prospective jurors to hear aggravated murder charges against Andre Williams, 21, one of two men accused in the death of George Melnick and the beating, rape and blinding of his wife, Katherine, in Warren.
Gifts to The Butler Institute of American Art were numerous and varied in 1988, writes Clyde Singer, and included a collage on canvas by Paul Jenkins, “Portrait of Florence S. Beecher” by Philip Pearlstein and a bust portrait, “Young Girl” by Warren sculptor Csaba Kur.
1974: Ronald V. Gerberry, 20, is sworn in by County Judge Thomas Flynn as the youngest member of the Austintown Board of Education and youngest school board member in the county.
A total of 47 people die in traffic accidents in Youngstown and Mahoning County in 1973, which is 30 fewer than in 1972.
Mayor Jack C. Hunter names Francis McGowan, who managed his successful re-election campaign, to a six-year term on the Youngstown Civil Service Commission.
1964: Eight Democrats in the civil and criminal divisions of the Youngstown Municipal Court are fired by George Vukovich, another Democrat and former 7th Ward councilman, after he took over as clerk of courts.
Traffic investigators say safety belts would have likely saved the lives of eight of the 54 people who died in traffic accidents in the city of Youngstown and Mahoning County in 1963.
An intern from St. Elizabeth Hospital, Dr. Fernando Kho Ong, 27, is killed in an auto accident near Warsaw, Ky. Three other interns who were with him are returning to Youngstown by train: Drs. Vincenta Mortel, Rolando Mateo and Aquillino Tan.
1939: A Youngstown man and his sister are arrested at their East Side Youngstown home for questioning in the $35,000 robbery of the American Express Agency at 551 Mahoning Ave.
Prospects for business and industry in the Youngstown district seem much brighter than they did at the beginning of 1938, writes Vindicator Business Editor Ernest N. Nemenyi.
The Youngstown Chamber of Commerce airport committee saves the $1.2 million Vienna airport plan by renewing options on 309 acres and purchasing two parcels whose owners would not extend options. The committee bought 50 acres from Anna Crew and 130 acres from John Hendershok for a total of $17,315.